1. Health
Send to a Friend via Email

How to Do More Push Ups

By

Updated April 15, 2014

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com's Medical Review Board.

Do More Push Ups

Do More Push Ups

Mike Powell/Getty
The push-up test is universally recognized as an excellent measure of upper body strength and endurance. For this reason, the push-up test is an essential part of military (Army, Navy, Air Force) and law enforcement (police and firefighter) physical fitness testing.

These tips will help you learn how to do more push-ups, build your upper body strength and endurance, and ace your next fitness test.

Time Required: Weeks to months, depending upon your starting point

Here's How:

  1. Review the principles of exercise science.
    Before you begin your push-up training workout, it's helpful to understand these six principles that explain the science behind fitness training. With this knowledge, you'll learn how to improve your fitness in a safe and systematic way. If you understand the concepts of overload, progression, adaptation, specificity, etc., you will be better able to train effectively.
  2. Perfect your push-up form.
    Before you start cranking out multiple reps, you need to make sure your push-up form is perfect. If you don't already know how to do it right, go back to the beginning and practice.
  3. Determine your baseline repetitions.
    To find the number of repetitions you should perform in each set, do as many push-ups as you can in two minutes and divide this number by three. This is your baseline repetition count. Each workout will generally include 3 sets of this number of repetitions.
  4. Start with the basic push-up workout.
    Do a push-up workout every other day (such as Monday, Wednesday and Friday). Warm up with a slow jog, cycling on a stationary bike, or jumping rope. Perform your basic workout with three sets of repetitions with a 30 second rest between sets. Each week, add 2-3 repetitions to your sets. Retest yourself every four weeks and set a new repetition baseline.
  5. Add variety by varying your hand position.
    There are an endless number of ways to vary your push-up workout. Consider changing your hand placement during repetitions. Mix it up by starting your reps with a narrow hand placement, and progressively widening your hand placement during each set. This is a great routine that you can use for each push-up workout for a month at a time.
  6. Add variety by varying your body position.
    Just as you can move your hand position during a push-up, you can also change your body position to increase or decrease the intensity of the exercise. Try decline push-ups (with your feet elevated), stability ball push-ups, or plyometric push-ups (clap your hands between reps).
  7. Add resistance to your push-up.
    Elevating your feet while doing push-ups (as above) will increase the resistance, but it also changes your range of motion. To increase resistance during a standard push-up, you can add a weighted vest, or wear a close-fitting backpack filled with sandbags or water bladders.
  8. End your push-up workout with the plank exercise.
    The last minute of your push-up workout can be dedicated to improving core strength and stability, which is essential during the push-up. The plank exercise is a perfect way to round out your upper body workout. Try to hold the plank for 30 seconds to one minute, and finish with a long, slow, prone back extension at the end of the workout.
  9. Get adequate rest and recovery.
    If you are performing push-up exercises to fatigue, you will need to allow at least one day of recovery between push-up workouts. Practicing push-ups every day, if done to fatigue, can back-fire and result in a decrease in strength and endurance.
  10. Also See: How To Do More Situps.
  1. About.com
  2. Health
  3. Sports Medicine
  4. Exercises / Workouts
  5. Exercises
  6. Upper Body Exercises
  7. How to Do More Push Ups - Sports Medicine

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.

We comply with the HONcode standard
for trustworthy health
information: verify here.