Overuse injuries are cumulative aches and pains that occur over time and can often be prevented with appropriate training and rest. Traumatic injuries are often accidents that occur suddenly and can't be avoided, but require immediate first aid.
Common Ice Hockey Pain and InjuriesStatistics indicate that the large majority of ice hockey injuries are caused by direct trauma during games. Hard body checks, player collisions, forced collisions with the walls and ice, and direct blows from the puck, flying sticks and skates all add up to injuries and underscore the inherent danger of ice hockey.
Sprains and Strains
Sprains and strains are the most common type of hockey injury. The best immediate treatment for sprains and strains is the R.I.C.E. method (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation).
Cuts and Lacerations
Cuts and scrapes to the head and face also top the list of hockey injuries, but using helmets with a full face shield has reduced the severity and frequency of these injuries.
Bruises and Contusions
Flying skaters, sticks and pucks, along with the many collisions on the ice frequently leave hockey players tending a variety of bruises and contusions.
A cramp is a sudden, intense pain caused by a muscle involuntary and forcibly contracting muscle that does not relax.
Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness
This is the sort of muscle soreness experienced from 12 to 48 hours following a tough workout or game. Getting enough rest often is all you need to recover.
Overtraining syndrome frequently occurs in athletes who train beyond the body's ability to recover.
Head, Neck and Shoulder Injuries from Hockey
- black eye
- fractured clavicle (shoulder)
- torn rotator cuff
- shoulder separation
- shoulder dislocation
- whip lash
- neck strain
- burner or stinger of the neck
Knee and Leg Injuries from Hockey
- anterior and posterior cruciate ligament (ACL/PCL) injurie
- injuries to the meniscus
- groin pull
- hamstring pull, tear, or strain>
- iliotibial band syndrome
- pulled or strained calf muscle
- shin splints
- sprains and strains
- hip pointer injury
Foot and Ankle Injuries from Hockey
Hand Injuries from Hockey
Back Injuries from Hockey
Tips for Preventing Ice Hockey InjuriesExperts agree that wearing appropriate safely equipment -- such as helmets, mouth guards, and protective pads -- can reduce the risk of serious ice hockey injuries.
Daly PJ, Sim F, Soimonet W. Ice Hockey Injuries: A Review. Sports Medicine 10(3):122-131, 1990.
Ice Hockey Fact Sheet, The British Columbia Injury Research and Prevention Unit (BCIRPU). [http://www.injuryresearch.bc.ca/Publications/Fact%20Sheets/IceHockey%20fact%20sheet.pdf]. BCIRPU, CHEO, 2000.