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What Is Normal Range of Motion In a Joint?

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Updated September 04, 2013

Definition:

What Is Normal Range of Motion Of a Joint?

Although there is variability among individuals, the following are generally accepted values for normal range of motion (ROM) in each joint as measured in degrees (°). Common joint movements include flexion, extension, abducction, and adduction.

Hip

  • flexion 0° to 125°
  • extension 115° to 0°
  • hyperextension (straightening beyond normal range) 0° to 15°
  • abduction 0° to 45°
  • adduction 45° to 0°
  • lateral rotation (rotation away from center of body) 0° to 45°
  • medial rotation (rotation towards center of body) 0° to 45°

Knee

  • flexion 0° to 130°
  • extension 120° to 0°

Ankle

  • plantar flexion (movement downward) 0° to 50°
  • dorsiflexion (movement upward) 0° to 20°

Foot

  • inversion (turned inward) 0° to 35°
  • eversion (turned outward) 0° to 25°

Metatarsophalangeal joints of foot

  • flexion 0° to 30°
  • extension 0° to 80°

Interphalangeal joints of toe

  • flexion 0° to 50°
  • extension 50° to 0°

Shoulder

  • flexion 0° to 180°
  • extension 0° to 50°
  • abduction 0° to 90°
  • adduction 90° to 0°
  • lateral rotation 0° to 90°
  • medial rotation 0° to 90°

Elbow

  • flexion 0° to 160°
  • extension 145° to 0°
  • pronation (rotation inward) 0° to 90°
  • supination (rotation outward) 0° to 90°

Wrist

  • flexion 0° to 90°
  • extension 0° to 70°
  • abduction 0° to 25°
  • adduction 0° to 65°

Metacarpophalangeal (MCP)

  • abduction 0° to 25°
  • adduction 20° to 0°
  • flexion 0° to 90°
  • extension 0° to 30°

Interphalangeal proximal (PIP) joints of fingers

  • flexion 0° to 120°
  • extension 120° to 0°

Interphalangeal distal (DIP) joint of fingers

  • flexion 0° to 80°
  • extension 80° to 0°

Metacarpophalangeal joint of thumb

  • abduction 0° to 50°
  • adduction 40° to 0°
  • flexion 0° to 70°
  • extension 60° to 0°

Interphalangeal joint of thumb

  • flexion 0° to 90°
  • extension 90° to 0°
Also Known As: ROM, joint movement.

Also See

Source

Physical Therapy (PT). Merck Manual Professional. November 2005. [www.merck.com/mmpe/sec22/ch336/ch336b.html]

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