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Exercise Science Basics

Learn about exercises sciences. Start with the basics and learn advanced information about anatomy and exercise physiology.
  1. Athletes, Exercise and Sleep. (4)
  2. Exercise Metabolism and Energy Systems (12)
  3. Fitness Evaluations (24)
  4. Glossary (107)

Runner's High Related to an Increase in Endorphins Levels in the Brain
The notion of a surge in endorphin levels resulting in a "runner's high" has been talked about for decades, but only in 2008 did the myth become fact.

Have You Gotten Sick After Endurance Exercise?
Exercise may improve your immunity, but too much may make you sick. Have you gotten sick after intense endurance exercise?

Endorphins and Exercise - Have You Experienced an Endorphin Rush or "…
In 2008 did researchers found evidence showing that exercise causes endorphins to be released in the brain. They believe it's this flood of endorphins that results in mood changes, such as euphoria and the famed "runner's high." But not all athlete's experience this sense of well-being. Have you? Share your story.

What is Pain?
Learn the difference between acute and chronic pain.

Exercise and Immunity
Moderate exercise may boost the immune system function, but intense exercise can have the the opposite effect.

What is the Best Time of Day to Exercise?
Is there a best time to exercise? Many athletes debate the pros and cons of morning, afternoon or evening exercise and athletic performance. But what does the research say? The simple answer is that the "best" time to exercise might be the time that is most convenient for you.

Deconditioning, Detraining and Losing Fitness
Deconditioning, or losing fitness, when you stop training is unavoidable. However, how quickly you lose fitness depends on several factors, including how fit you are, how long you have been exercising, and on how long you stop.

Fast and Slow Twitch Muscle Fibers
Fast and slow twitch muscle fibers (or Type I and Type II fiber types). Does muscle fiber type determine an athlete's strength, power, speed and endurance or athletes respond to training?

Mitral Valve Prolapse and Exercise
Athletes and mitral valve prolapse - any cause for concern?

Mitral Valve Prolapse
It is estimated that four to seven percent of the population lives with mitral valve prolapse. Most live their whole lives without complications, and can enjoy aerobic exercise by taking a few precautions

Low Blood Pressure (hypotension)
In most people blood pressure isn't cause for concern unless it causes symptoms such as lightheadedness or fainting.

Are Athletes Born or Built?
How important are genetics in athletic success?

What Causes Sudden Death in Youth Athletes?
Sudden death in young athletes, while rare, is often the result of underlying heart disease.

Glossary of Sports Medicine Terminology - C
Glossary of Sports Medicine Terminology - C

The Exercise Science Principles Behind Exercise Programs
Experts who study exercise science have developed some fundamental principles that tend to apply across the board to the way the human body responds and adapts to physical activity. These rules are often referred to as the principles of conditioning.

What Are the Most Common Vital Signs
Vital signs are measurements of the body's most basic functions. Learn about the four main vital signs routinely monitored by medical professionals and healthcare providers.

What Is VO2 Max?
VO2 max or maximal oxygen uptake is one factor that can determine an athlete’s capacity to perform sustained aerobic efforts. It refers to the maximum amount of oxygen that an athlete can use during maximal or exhaustive exercise.

Resting Heart Rate
Resting heart rate (rhr) is a numeric measurement of the number of times your heart beats each minute when at complete rest. Normal heart rate values vary for both athletes and healthy people.

Cooling Down After Exercise
Should you bother cooling down after exercise?

Essential Workout Moves
Including these essential movement patterns into your regular workout routine will help you stay strong, flexible and balanced.

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