Sports Medicine: Most Popular Articles
Core exercises should focus on the entire torso, from head to feet, in order to develop strong, solid core strength.
A pulled or torn calf muscle, also called a calf strain, causes sudden pain in the back of the lower leg.
Best treatments for skin abrasions, cuts and scrapes and road rash.
What you do after exercise can help or hinder your recovery. Learn what to do to speed your physical recovery from a hard workout.
Does muscle fiber type determine an athlete's strength, power, speed and endurance or athletes respond to training?
Quick Core Workout Exercise 1: The Plank
Muscle pain, soreness and stiffness that shows up a day or two after a workout is common if you changed or increased your workout intensity.
Eating before exercise. Whether you are eating before an athletic competition, or a basic training workout, what you eat can make a difference in both your performance and recovery.
Want more endurance? Do some sprints! Just six workouts of 30-second sprints may be more effective in improving cardiovascular fitness than an hour of daily moderate activity.
Many elite athletes use an ice water bath as a standard way to recover from intense workouts. What does a dip in an ice water bath do and can it improve exercise recovery and performance?
A muscle spasm or cramp is a painful involuntary contraction that can stop athletes in their tracks. Here's how to deal with cramping muscles.
Iliotibial band syndrome, also called IT band syndrome often causes pain on the outside of the knee.
Learn how to perform the plank - an abdominal exercise that builds core strength and stability.
Most athletes know that adequate rest after exercise is essential to high level performance. The body repairs and strengthens itself in the time between workouts, and continuous training can actually weaken the strongest athletes. Follow these tips to get the most from your rest and recovery days.
Groin pain can be caused by a muscle pull, strain, tear or a hernia.
Hamstring Pull, Tear, or Strain - the most common injury among runners.
RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation and is recommended for the immediate treatment of most soft tissue sports injuries such as sprains and strains.
Build a better butt. Get you glutes firing with these exercises to activate and strengthen the glutes.
Interval training workouts are a great ways for athletes to improve both speed and endurance.
Agility drills can help athletes improve coordination, speed, power and specific sports skills.
What causes Crepitus? Joint noise such as popping and cracking, and is there anything I can do about it?
Achilles Tendonitis is a chronic injury that causes heel pain and occurs primarily from overuse.
Learn how to soothe tight muscles by using a foam roller to release tight fascia.
What is the best time to exercise? There are pros and cons of morning, afternoon and evening exercise and athletic performance, but research may uncover the best time for exercise.
The bridge exercise helps strengthen the glutes, hamstrings and core.
If you sit much of the day you may have weak glutes, tight hamstrings and tight hip flexors. Use this glute activation program to get your backside firing properly during before and during exercise.
Credited to Bruce Lee, the Dragon Flag is an advanced core exercise
These five tips can help you treat groin injuries such as a groin strain or pull.
The best ab exercises for athletes should work the entire core, not just the abdominal muscles.
Confused about when to use ice and when to use heat on your injuries, aches and pains? Here are the guidelines for deciding on ice or heat for injuries.
VO2 max or maximal oxygen uptake is one factor that can determine an athleteâ€™s capacity to perform sustained aerobic efforts. It refers to the maximum amount of oxygen that an athlete can use during maximal or exhaustive exercise.
Research Picks the Best Butt Exercises. Here are the results for the best butt exercises.
What's the difference between body composition and percent body fat?
What should I do first weight lifting or aerobic exercise? Learn what the experts say about the benefit of doing cardio exercise before weights or weights before cardio.
What causes a side stitch or side ache while running
How to do the V-Sit abdominal exercise for core strength.
Overtraining syndrome occurs in athletes who train beyond the body's ability to recover and results in decreased performance.
What you eat after your workout is critical to exercise recovery.
Soccer players need good flexibility. These stretches can help
Looking for the best ab exercises? Research shows which ab exercises are the best and worst for a stronger core.
Learn how to safely perform a standing Achilles tendon and heel stretch
The Bicycle Crunch exercise tops the list of best ab exercises for activating the rectus abdominus.
Meniscus Tears often require arthroscopic surgery. Learn about the cause and treatment of a meniscus cartilage.
Tight piriformis muscles can lead to knee pain and lower back pain. Use this simple piriformis stretch to open your hips and keep the piriformis limber.
Is Running on a Treadmill As Good As Running Outside? Is outdoor running better than the treadmill? Well, there are pros and cons to each.
Although there is variability among individuals, the following are generally accepted values for normal range of motion in each joint.
Sport Sunglass for men and women athletes come in a variety of styles and shapes designed specifically for sports. Here are some of the top selling sport sunglasses.
Treatment tips for tailbone pain and injury
Piriformis Syndrome - what it is and how to treat it.
Raise your right arm and left leg about 5-6 inches off the ground (or as far as you comfortably can). Hold for 3 seconds and relax.
Super Glue belongs in the hardware drawer not the medicine cabinet right? Well, it depends. Some doctors are recommending a little of the glue for minor cuts.
The push-up exercise is a great upper body and core strength exercise that when done properly uses muscles in the chest, shoulders, triceps, back, abs and even the legs.
If you have a sports injury, chances are you will need to take some time off to recover, but for those who don't want to stop exercising entirely, there are ways to maintain some fitness while recovering from most sports injuries.
The Navy SEALs Workout routine progresses you quickly to get results fast. Are you up to the challenge?
A clavicle fracture (broken collarbone) is a common sports injury that requires a comprehensive rehab exercise program to return to sports quickly. Here is a general rehab exercise program for a fractured clavicle.
Carbohydrate is arguably the most important source of energy for athletes. No matter what sport you play, carbs provide the energy that fuels muscle contractions.
There are three main pathways to convert nutrients to energy (ATP) for exercise and it is the intensity and duration of the exercise that determines which method gets used.
What Is Muscular Endurance? Sports Medicine.
How to do the Russian Twist with a medicine ball
Groin pain can be caused by many reasons including tight, weak groin muscles or groin pulls or strains. This stretching program can help reduce groin pain and prevent groin pulls.
Sprains and strains can be painful and cause severe swelling. Learn how to treat these common injuries can speed your recovery.
For most people compound exercises provide better results than isolation exercises and should be the core of any weight training routine.
Knee pain can have many causes, so before you treat your pain, it's critical to diagnose the specific cause of your pain.
Learn what the research says about stretching before and after exercise.
Bodyweight exercises can be done any time with no equipmentand are ideal for traveling and home workouts or adding a bit of variety to your regular exercise routine.
Here are some of the most popular cushioned, neutral running shoes on the market.
How to perform the Hip Lift for abdominal strength.
Here are some of the most common causes of hip pain or injury in athletes. Learn how to prevent and treat hip pain during sports.
The lunge with twist exercise targets the quads, glutes and improves balance and core strength.
Experts who study exercise science have developed some fundamental principles that tend to apply across the board to the way the human body responds and adapts to physical activity. These rules are often referred to as the principles of conditioning.
The Captain's Chair or vertical knee raise, exercise came in second on the list of best exercises for the rectus abdominus.
Ankle Sprain - treatment and prevention of a sprained ankle and ankle pain
Most athletes will experience some knee pain from time to time, but there are some clues that indicate more serious knee pain that may need to be seen by a doctor for a complete evaluation and treatment plan.
Incorrectly performed full squats may lead to injury. Here are guidelines for the correct set-up and execution of the full squat exercise.
A proper warm before exercise has many important physiological and psychological benefits for athletes.
The wall sit exercise is a quad burner.
What pain medication should you take for sports injuries?
Arthroscopic surgery is the standard outpatient treatment to repair a torn meniscus. s.
If you exercise often and are in good shape you might occasionally experience dizziness and lightheadedness when you stand up quickly. This is generally nothing serious, and occurs due to a slow heart rate.
Learn how to safely perform a simple IT band standing stretch.
The Core Muscle Strength and Stability Test is one way to assess your current core strength and gauge your progress over time.
The skinfold measurement test is one common method of determining a person's percentage of body fat or body composition.
Principle of Specificity - Definition
A Sprained Wrist is a common injury that often occurs from a fall on and outstretched hand. Information about wrist injuries such as sprains and strains including diagnosis and treatment.
Most soft-tissue sports injuries are painful because of swelling and inflammation. This inflammation can often be treated with the use of over the counter anti-inflammatory medications.
The 12 minute run test is a basic test used by coaches, trainers and athletes to assess their current fitness and to monitor their progress during fitness training.
Strength Training Over Age 50. Sports Medicine.
Learn to treat or prevent the most common soccer pain and injuries.
Not every athlete needs an insert, but if you are prone to overuse injuries, or have foot, knee or back pain or instability, you may benefit from one.
If you exercise in hot weather, you may be at risk for developing heat exhaustion, a serious condition that can quickly become heat stroke if not treated promptly.
Strengthening the hips may help reduce many common lower-leg pain and knee injuries, especially in runners.
What and when you eat and drink after exercise is essential for recovery. Learn when and what to eat after your workouts for optimal recovery.
The Bruce Treadmill Test Protocol is a common fitness assessment used by athletes and coaches to measure VO2 max, and aerobic endurance.
An eccentric muscle contraction is a type of muscle activation that increases tension on a muscle as it lengthens.
Find the best running shoe for your foot type.
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The Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire is a self-screening tool that can be used by anyone who is planning to start an exercise program.
The Principle of Overload - Definition
The use of erythropoietin (EPO) is one recent way athletes have tried to artificially boost their red blood cell count and athletic performance, particularly in the professional cycling world.
The term jammed finger generally refers to joint swelling in the finger from an end-on injury.
Do you really need that pre-workout snack? There are some good reason to eat before a workout, but just as many reasons to skip the extra calories. Learn what, when, and why you might want to eat before exercise (and when to avoid it).
Quadriceps Pull or Tear - a pain in the front of the thigh
Athletes need to hydrate, but how much water should you drink?
Recently endurance athletes have been using ibuprofen and other NSAIDs before and during competition in an attempt to compete at the highest intensity for the longest duration. But, does this work and is it safe?
Adequate fluid intake is essential for athletes before, during, and after exercise. Whether to use sports drinks or just water depends upon your duration and intensity of exercise.
Shin splints (medial tibial stress syndrome) is a common running injury that results in pain over the shin bone.
These conditions are closely related and may occur alone or in combination.
The sit and reach test is the most common measurement of lower back and hamstring flexibility.
Stability running shoes give athletes a mix of comfort and stability and are a good choice for athletes without major pronation and supination issues.
A recent cautions against keeping bags of frozen vegetables on bare skin for too long because this household remedy to treat swelling could backfire.
Strengthening the muscles that surround and support the knees and hip joints can help reduce pain and injuries.
Tips for treating and preventing the most common volleyball injuries and pain
Hydrostatic Underwater Weighing is a method of determining body composition and body fat by weighing an athlete in a 'dunk tank.'
Can athletes drink too much water? Hyponatremia has become more prevalent as more people are participating in endurance sports.
This stretching program can help reduce hamstring pain and prevent hamstring pulls.
Do you know your LT? Learn how athletes can increase high intensity endurance performance with lactate threshold training.
These tips will help you learn how to do more situps, build your abdominal and core strength and endurance, and ace your next fitness test.
A how-to for an exercise (a more challenging modification of the basic plank) that strengthens abs, and engages muscles from shoulders to toes.
The weighted step up exercise is a simple way for both beginning and advanced athletes to build leg strength and power quickly and with a low risk of injury.
Tight, black lyric bike shorts may look a bit strange to some people, but for a cyclist, bike shorts offer both comfort and function on the bike.
The Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT), pass your apft, passing, preparing for apft, includes a series of measurements that help determine the health status and physical fitness of new recruits as well as a current soldiers. Learn how to prepare for the APFT.
The most well-known and prominent abdominal muscle is the rectus abdominis.
Are you making any of these common mistakes? If so, you can modify your routine and finally start getting some real fitness results.
An isometric muscle contraction, or static exercise, is one in which the muscle fires but there is no movement at a joint.
Both endurance and muscle mass can quickly disappear if your don't exercise, but haow much and how fast this happens depends on a few key factors.
Plyometric rebounding exercises can build power and speed if done properly
Motion control running shoes. Here are the best motion control shoes for runners who need good support with a touch of cushioning.
Active recovery, or engaging in low-intensity exercise after competition or vigorous exercise sessions, may be better than complete rest for full physical and psychological recovery.
Overcoming Performance Anxiety with Sports Psychology. How to psyche yourself up, calm yourself down and overcome performance anxiety.
Can exercise equipment help you get better abs? Here are a few items that just might.
How long do running shoes last? Tips and recommendations for deciding if you need to buy new running shoes.
The single leg bridge exercise helps strengthen the glutes, hamstrings and core.
Using crutches isn't as easy as it appears. It actually takes some instruction, a bit of coordination and then practice.
A Hip Pointer is an extremely painful injury to the iliac crest of the hip. Learn how to prevent and treat a hip pointer.
Cross Training - How Varying your workouts can improve performance and reduce burn-out.
You can build Six Pack Abs with a combination of the right exercise routine and the right diet.
Topical pain relievers offer temporary pain relief, but athletes should heed these warnings before they reach for that tube of sports cream.
Here are some of the best equipment picks for home gym.
Rowing is a great cardiovascular and strength-building exercise. With proper technique, rowing will work all the major muscle groups of the core, arms and legs in a balanced manner.
Information about Ligament Injuries of the knee: ACL, PCL, MCL and LCL Anterior and Posterior Cruciate Ligament and Medial and Lateral Collateral ligament injuries.
A sports hernia is an injury seen in athletes in a variety of sports. The sports hernia occurs when there is a weakening of the muscles of the abdominal wall. Treatment of a sports hernia may require surgery if the symptoms do not resolve with conservative treatments.
Ganglion cysts are small round lumps typically on the wrist, but occasionally on a finger or top of a foot.
A sports hernia is something men often develop and treat quickly. But for women, a hernia can go undiagnosed for months, or even years, and cause unbearable abdominal pain.
Bursitis of the Elbow - Pain behind the elbow
A good bike fit is critical to cycling comfort and efficiency. Here are tips for adjusting your bicycle to avoid pain or injury.
A hematoma, or bruise, refers to a black and blue area on the skin that often occurs after a trauma to the soft tissue.
Athletes can reduce their risk of ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) injuries by adding training drills that require balance, and combined strength and speed.
The most common running injuries and their treatment and prevention.
Prolonged cycling on a poorly fitting bicycle saddle may lead to some sexual problems including erectile dysfunction (ED) and impotence in men, but most men feel pain and numbness long before permanent problems occur.
The lateral mini-band walking exercise strengthens the hip abductors, particularly the glute medius, and improves hip and knee stability.