Sports Medicine: Most Popular Articles
Core exercises should focus on the entire torso, from head to feet, in order to develop strong, solid core strength.
A pulled or torn calf muscle, also called a calf strain, causes sudden pain in the back of the lower leg.
What you do after exercise can help or hinder your recovery. Learn what to do to speed your physical recovery from a hard workout.
Muscle pain, soreness and stiffness that shows up a day or two after a workout is common if you changed or increased your workout intensity.
Does muscle fiber type determine an athlete's strength, power, speed and endurance or athletes respond to training?
Iliotibial band syndrome, also called IT band syndrome often causes pain on the outside of the knee.
Eating before exercise. Whether you are eating before an athletic competition, or a basic training workout, what you eat can make a difference in both your performance and recovery.
Groin pain can be caused by a muscle pull, strain, tear or a hernia.
Want more endurance? Do some sprints! Just six workouts of 30-second sprints may be more effective in improving cardiovascular fitness than an hour of daily moderate activity.
Learn how to perform the plank - an abdominal exercise that builds core strength and stability.
Build a better butt. Get you glutes firing with these exercises to activate and strengthen the glutes.
Best treatments for skin abrasions, cuts and scrapes and road rash.
Hamstring Pull, Tear, or Strain - the most common injury among runners.
What causes Crepitus? Joint noise such as popping and cracking, and is there anything I can do about it?
A muscle spasm or cramp is a painful involuntary contraction that can stop athletes in their tracks. Here's how to deal with cramping muscles.
Most athletes know that adequate rest after exercise is essential to high level performance. The body repairs and strengthens itself in the time between workouts, and continuous training can actually weaken the strongest athletes. Follow these tips to get the most from your rest and recovery days.
Quick Core Workout Exercise 1: The Plank
Interval training workouts are a great ways for athletes to improve both speed and endurance.
VO2 max or maximal oxygen uptake is one factor that can determine an athleteâ€™s capacity to perform sustained aerobic efforts. It refers to the maximum amount of oxygen that an athlete can use during maximal or exhaustive exercise.
Many elite athletes use an ice water bath as a standard way to recover from intense workouts. What does a dip in an ice water bath do and can it improve exercise recovery and performance?
RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation and is recommended for the immediate treatment of most soft tissue sports injuries such as sprains and strains.
What should I do first weight lifting or aerobic exercise? Learn what the experts say about the benefit of doing cardio exercise before weights or weights before cardio.
Learn how to soothe tight muscles by using a foam roller to release tight fascia.
Confused about when to use ice and when to use heat on your injuries, aches and pains? Here are the guidelines for deciding on ice or heat for injuries.
What causes a side stitch or side ache while running
The bridge exercise helps strengthen the glutes, hamstrings and core.
What is the best time to exercise? There are pros and cons of morning, afternoon and evening exercise and athletic performance, but research may uncover the best time for exercise.
There are three main pathways to convert nutrients to energy (ATP) for exercise and it is the intensity and duration of the exercise that determines which method gets used.
Achilles Tendonitis is a chronic injury that causes heel pain and occurs primarily from overuse.
The best ab exercises for athletes should work the entire core, not just the abdominal muscles.
Credited to Bruce Lee, the Dragon Flag is an advanced core exercise
These five tips can help you treat groin injuries such as a groin strain or pull.
What's the difference between body composition and percent body fat?
Agility drills can help athletes improve coordination, speed, power and specific sports skills.
Overtraining syndrome occurs in athletes who train beyond the body's ability to recover and results in decreased performance.
If you sit much of the day you may have weak glutes, tight hamstrings and tight hip flexors. Use this glute activation program to get your backside firing properly during before and during exercise. Page 4.
What you eat after your workout is critical to exercise recovery.
Tight piriformis muscles can lead to knee pain and lower back pain. Use this simple piriformis stretch to open your hips and keep the piriformis limber.
Looking for the best ab exercises? Research shows which ab exercises are the best and worst for a stronger core.
Research Picks the Best Butt Exercises. Here are the results for the best butt exercises.
How to do the V-Sit abdominal exercise for core strength.
Here are some of the most common causes of hip pain or injury in athletes. Learn how to prevent and treat hip pain during sports.
Knee pain can have many causes, so before you treat your pain, it's critical to diagnose the specific cause of your pain.
Carbohydrate is arguably the most important source of energy for athletes. No matter what sport you play, carbs provide the energy that fuels muscle contractions.
The Bicycle Crunch exercise tops the list of best ab exercises for activating the rectus abdominus.
The push-up exercise is a great upper body and core strength exercise that when done properly uses muscles in the chest, shoulders, triceps, back, abs and even the legs.
Sprains and strains can be painful and cause severe swelling. Learn how to treat these common injuries can speed your recovery.
For most people compound exercises provide better results than isolation exercises and should be the core of any weight training routine.
Learn how to safely perform a standing Achilles tendon and heel stretch
Although there is variability among individuals, the following are generally accepted values for normal range of motion in each joint.
Treatment tips for tailbone pain and injury
Plantar fasciitis, describes heel pain that occurs from irritation or injury to the plantar fascia along the bottom of the foot.
Raise your right arm and left leg about 5-6 inches off the ground (or as far as you comfortably can). Hold for 3 seconds and relax.
Shin splints (medial tibial stress syndrome) is a common running injury that results in pain over the shin bone.
Find the best running shoe for your foot type.
What pain medication should you take for sports injuries?
Bodyweight exercises can be done any time with no equipmentand are ideal for traveling and home workouts or adding a bit of variety to your regular exercise routine.
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Is Running on a Treadmill As Good As Running Outside? Is outdoor running better than the treadmill? Well, there are pros and cons to each.
Groin pain can be caused by many reasons including tight, weak groin muscles or groin pulls or strains. This stretching program can help reduce groin pain and prevent groin pulls.
Sport Sunglass for men and women athletes come in a variety of styles and shapes designed specifically for sports. Here are some of the top selling sport sunglasses.
The Navy SEALs Workout routine progresses you quickly to get results fast. Are you up to the challenge?
How to do the Russian Twist with a medicine ball
Not every athlete needs an insert, but if you are prone to overuse injuries, or have foot, knee or back pain or instability, you may benefit from one.
Quadriceps pulls & strains - information on diagnosis, treatment & prevention
A clavicle fracture (broken collarbone) is a common sports injury that requires a comprehensive rehab exercise program to return to sports quickly. Here is a general rehab exercise program for a fractured clavicle.
The use of anabolic steroids is banned in professional and organized sports. Steroids are a class of drugs that are legally available only by prescription.
Most athletes will experience some knee pain from time to time, but there are some clues that indicate more serious knee pain that may need to be seen by a doctor for a complete evaluation and treatment plan.
Experts who study exercise science have developed some fundamental principles that tend to apply across the board to the way the human body responds and adapts to physical activity. These rules are often referred to as the principles of conditioning.
Soccer players need good flexibility. These stretches can help
The most common running injuries and their treatment and prevention.
Learn to treat or prevent the most common soccer pain and injuries.
Overcoming Performance Anxiety with Sports Psychology. How to psyche yourself up, calm yourself down and overcome performance anxiety.
Learn what the research says about stretching before and after exercise.
The Bruce Treadmill Test Protocol is a common fitness assessment used by athletes and coaches to measure VO2 max, and aerobic endurance.
Learn how to safely perform a simple IT band standing stretch.
Ankle Sprain - treatment and prevention of a sprained ankle and ankle pain
The Principle of Overload - Definition
Quadriceps Pull or Tear - a pain in the front of the thigh
The Core Muscle Strength and Stability Test is one way to assess your current core strength and gauge your progress over time.
You can build Six Pack Abs with a combination of the right exercise routine and the right diet.
Principle of Specificity - Definition
If you have a sports injury, chances are you will need to take some time off to recover, but for those who don't want to stop exercising entirely, there are ways to maintain some fitness while recovering from most sports injuries.
Strengthening the muscles that surround and support the knees and hip joints can help reduce pain and injuries.
A proper warm before exercise has many important physiological and psychological benefits for athletes.
Most soft-tissue sports injuries are painful because of swelling and inflammation. This inflammation can often be treated with the use of over the counter anti-inflammatory medications.
The Captain's Chair or vertical knee raise, exercise came in second on the list of best exercises for the rectus abdominus.
Sports nutrition tips for strength training and muscle building. Learn what the experts say about protein, fat and carbohydrate when it comes to building muscles and strength.
Stress fractures in the leg are often the result of overuse or repeated impacts on a hard surface.
A Sprained Wrist is a common injury that often occurs from a fall on and outstretched hand. Information about wrist injuries such as sprains and strains including diagnosis and treatment.
The lunge with twist exercise targets the quads, glutes and improves balance and core strength.
Are you making any of these common mistakes? If so, you can modify your routine and finally start getting some real fitness results.
Do you know your LT? Learn how athletes can increase high intensity endurance performance with lactate threshold training.
Adequate fluid intake is essential for athletes before, during, and after exercise. Whether to use sports drinks or just water depends upon your duration and intensity of exercise.
A good bike fit is critical to cycling comfort and efficiency. Here are tips for adjusting your bicycle to avoid pain or injury.
How to perform the Hip Lift for abdominal strength.
Incorrectly performed full squats may lead to injury. Here are guidelines for the correct set-up and execution of the full squat exercise.
The wall sit exercise is a quad burner.
Piriformis Syndrome - what it is and how to treat it.
Meniscus Tears often require arthroscopic surgery. Learn about the cause and treatment of a meniscus cartilage.
The hip flexors include the psoas major, illiacus, rectus femoris, pectineus and sartorius. Page 6.
Tips for treating and preventing the most common baseball and softball injuries and pain
Strengthening the hips may help reduce many common lower-leg pain and knee injuries, especially in runners.
Strength Training Over Age 50 Sports Medicine.
Explosive exercise training builds power, strength and fitness fast . Learn how to safely use maximal effort training to improve your sports performance.
The Transverse Abdominis (TVA) muscle is an important stabilizer of the low-back and one of the main core stabilizing muscles of the lumbar spine.
Ab exercise tips for a strong, flat belly and better core strength.
The Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire is a self-screening tool that can be used by anyone who is planning to start an exercise program.
Description of lower leg anatomy, including muscles and tendons.
Arthroscopic surgery is the standard outpatient treatment to repair a torn meniscus. s.
Athletes need to hydrate, but how much water should you drink?
Plyometric rebounding exercises can build power and speed if done properly
Learn an advanced IT band stretch to improve flexibility and reduce knee pain.
These conditions are closely related and may occur alone or in combination.
Here are some of the best equipment picks for home gym.
Tendonitis is a common sports injury that often occurs from overuse.
If you exercise often and are in good shape you might occasionally experience dizziness and lightheadedness when you stand up quickly. This is generally nothing serious, and occurs due to a slow heart rate.
Topical pain relievers offer temporary pain relief, but athletes should heed these warnings before they reach for that tube of sports cream.
The one leg squat and reach isolate your glutes and builds dynamic balance.
Ankle sprain rehab exercises are critical for a speedy and complete recovery from an ankle sprain. The following exercises can be used to rehab a Grade I ankle sprain.
What Is Muscular Endurance? Sports Medicine.
Muscle Hypertrophy - Definition. Sports Medicine.
The weighted step up exercise is a simple way for both beginning and advanced athletes to build leg strength and power quickly and with a low risk of injury.
An isometric muscle contraction, or static exercise, is one in which the muscle fires but there is no movement at a joint.
Both endurance and muscle mass can quickly disappear if your don't exercise, but haow much and how fast this happens depends on a few key factors.
A sample workout for improving sprint performance that can be applied to any sport.
Athletes need protein primarily to repair and rebuild muscle that is broken down during exercise and to help optimizes carbohydrate storage in the form of glycogen.
The skinfold measurement test is one common method of determining a person's percentage of body fat or body composition.
The 12 minute run test is a basic test used by coaches, trainers and athletes to assess their current fitness and to monitor their progress during fitness training.
Recently endurance athletes have been using ibuprofen and other NSAIDs before and during competition in an attempt to compete at the highest intensity for the longest duration. But, does this work and is it safe?
An eccentric muscle contraction is a type of muscle activation that increases tension on a muscle as it lengthens.
A Hip Pointer is an extremely painful injury to the iliac crest of the hip. Learn how to prevent and treat a hip pointer.
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The use of erythropoietin (EPO) is one recent way athletes have tried to artificially boost their red blood cell count and athletic performance, particularly in the professional cycling world.
The plank on a balance ball is a great ab exercise that builds strength and stability in the entire core.
Hydrostatic Underwater Weighing is a method of determining body composition and body fat by weighing an athlete in a 'dunk tank.'
The top 5 tips for women over age 50 to get, and stay, fit.
Tips for treating and preventing the most common volleyball injuries and pain
This stretching program can help reduce hamstring pain and prevent hamstring pulls.
A sports hernia is an injury seen in athletes in a variety of sports. The sports hernia occurs when there is a weakening of the muscles of the abdominal wall. Treatment of a sports hernia may require surgery if the symptoms do not resolve with conservative treatments.
The sit and reach test is the most common measurement of lower back and hamstring flexibility.
Amenorrhea in athletes, sometimes called exercise-associated amenorrhea, occurs when a woman doesn't have a regular period either because she exercises too much, eats too few calories or both.
Turf toe is a sports an injury that causes pain at the base of the big toe. Usually the result of athletic activities on a hard surface, turf toe is especially common in athletes who compete on artificial turf. Treatment of turf toe is usually helpful, but the condition can return.
The lateral mini-band walking exercise strengthens the hip abductors, particularly the glute medius, and improves hip and knee stability.
A Brief overview of foot anatomy and physiology.
Learn how to prevent and treat the most common bicycling pain and injuries.
Learn how to safely perform an eccentric Achilles tendon strengthening exercise.
These tips will help you stay safe and reduce your risk of exercise-related injuries
Athletes can reduce their risk of ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) injuries by adding training drills that require balance, and combined strength and speed.
Cross Training - How Varying your workouts can improve performance and reduce burn-out.