Sports Medicine: Most Popular Articles
Core exercises should focus on the entire torso, from head to feet, in order to develop strong, solid core strength.
A pulled or torn calf muscle, also called a calf strain, causes sudden pain in the back of the lower leg.
What you do after exercise can help or hinder your recovery. Learn what to do to speed your physical recovery from a hard workout.
Muscle pain, soreness and stiffness that shows up a day or two after a workout is common if you changed or increased your workout intensity.
Does muscle fiber type determine an athlete's strength, power, speed and endurance or athletes respond to training?
Eating before exercise. Whether you are eating before an athletic competition, or a basic training workout, what you eat can make a difference in both your performance and recovery.
Iliotibial band syndrome, also called IT band syndrome often causes pain on the outside of the knee.
Want more endurance? Do some sprints! Just six workouts of 30-second sprints may be more effective in improving cardiovascular fitness than an hour of daily moderate activity.
Groin pain can be caused by a muscle pull, strain, tear or a hernia.
Learn how to perform the plank - an abdominal exercise that builds core strength and stability.
Build a better butt. Get you glutes firing with these exercises to activate and strengthen the glutes.
Quick Core Workout Exercise 1: The Plank
Best treatments for skin abrasions, cuts and scrapes and road rash.
What causes Crepitus? Joint noise such as popping and cracking, and is there anything I can do about it?
Hamstring Pull, Tear, or Strain - the most common injury among runners.
Interval training workouts are a great ways for athletes to improve both speed and endurance.
A muscle spasm or cramp is a painful involuntary contraction that can stop athletes in their tracks. Here's how to deal with cramping muscles.
Most athletes know that adequate rest after exercise is essential to high level performance. The body repairs and strengthens itself in the time between workouts, and continuous training can actually weaken the strongest athletes. Follow these tips to get the most from your rest and recovery days.
VO2 max or maximal oxygen uptake is one factor that can determine an athleteâ€™s capacity to perform sustained aerobic efforts. It refers to the maximum amount of oxygen that an athlete can use during maximal or exhaustive exercise.
What is the best time to exercise? There are pros and cons of morning, afternoon and evening exercise and athletic performance, but research may uncover the best time for exercise.
What causes a side stitch or side ache while running
RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation and is recommended for the immediate treatment of most soft tissue sports injuries such as sprains and strains.
What should I do first weight lifting or aerobic exercise? Learn what the experts say about the benefit of doing cardio exercise before weights or weights before cardio.
Many elite athletes use an ice water bath as a standard way to recover from intense workouts. What does a dip in an ice water bath do and can it improve exercise recovery and performance?
The bridge exercise helps strengthen the glutes, hamstrings and core.
There are three main pathways to convert nutrients to energy (ATP) for exercise and it is the intensity and duration of the exercise that determines which method gets used.
Learn how to soothe tight muscles by using a foam roller to release tight fascia.
Confused about when to use ice and when to use heat on your injuries, aches and pains? Here are the guidelines for deciding on ice or heat for injuries.
Credited to Bruce Lee, the Dragon Flag is an advanced core exercise
Achilles Tendonitis is a chronic injury that causes heel pain and occurs primarily from overuse.
What's the difference between body composition and percent body fat?
The best ab exercises for athletes should work the entire core, not just the abdominal muscles.
What you eat after your workout is critical to exercise recovery.
Agility drills can help athletes improve coordination, speed, power and specific sports skills.
If you sit much of the day you may have weak glutes, tight hamstrings and tight hip flexors. Use this glute activation program to get your backside firing properly during before and during exercise. Page 4.
These five tips can help you treat groin injuries such as a groin strain or pull.
Overtraining syndrome occurs in athletes who train beyond the body's ability to recover and results in decreased performance.
Tight piriformis muscles can lead to knee pain and lower back pain. Use this simple piriformis stretch to open your hips and keep the piriformis limber.
How to do the V-Sit abdominal exercise for core strength.
Looking for the best ab exercises? Research shows which ab exercises are the best and worst for a stronger core.
Here are some of the most common causes of hip pain or injury in athletes. Learn how to prevent and treat hip pain during sports.
Carbohydrate is arguably the most important source of energy for athletes. No matter what sport you play, carbs provide the energy that fuels muscle contractions.
Research Picks the Best Butt Exercises. Here are the results for the best butt exercises.
Knee pain can have many causes, so before you treat your pain, it's critical to diagnose the specific cause of your pain.
Sprains and strains can be painful and cause severe swelling. Learn how to treat these common injuries can speed your recovery.
The Bicycle Crunch exercise tops the list of best ab exercises for activating the rectus abdominus.
The push-up exercise is a great upper body and core strength exercise that when done properly uses muscles in the chest, shoulders, triceps, back, abs and even the legs.
For most people compound exercises provide better results than isolation exercises and should be the core of any weight training routine.
Although there is variability among individuals, the following are generally accepted values for normal range of motion in each joint.
Treatment tips for tailbone pain and injury
Raise your right arm and left leg about 5-6 inches off the ground (or as far as you comfortably can). Hold for 3 seconds and relax.
Learn how to safely perform a standing Achilles tendon and heel stretch
Shin splints (medial tibial stress syndrome) is a common running injury that results in pain over the shin bone.
Bodyweight exercises can be done any time with no equipmentand are ideal for traveling and home workouts or adding a bit of variety to your regular exercise routine.
The Navy SEALs Workout routine progresses you quickly to get results fast. Are you up to the challenge?
Is Running on a Treadmill As Good As Running Outside? Is outdoor running better than the treadmill? Well, there are pros and cons to each.
What pain medication should you take for sports injuries?
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Sport Sunglass for men and women athletes come in a variety of styles and shapes designed specifically for sports. Here are some of the top selling sport sunglasses.
How to do the Russian Twist with a medicine ball
Groin pain can be caused by many reasons including tight, weak groin muscles or groin pulls or strains. This stretching program can help reduce groin pain and prevent groin pulls.
Find the best running shoe for your foot type.
The Bruce Treadmill Test Protocol is a common fitness assessment used by athletes and coaches to measure VO2 max, and aerobic endurance.
Most athletes will experience some knee pain from time to time, but there are some clues that indicate more serious knee pain that may need to be seen by a doctor for a complete evaluation and treatment plan.
Experts who study exercise science have developed some fundamental principles that tend to apply across the board to the way the human body responds and adapts to physical activity. These rules are often referred to as the principles of conditioning.
Plantar fasciitis, describes heel pain that occurs from irritation or injury to the plantar fascia along the bottom of the foot.
The use of anabolic steroids is banned in professional and organized sports. Steroids are a class of drugs that are legally available only by prescription.
Not every athlete needs an insert, but if you are prone to overuse injuries, or have foot, knee or back pain or instability, you may benefit from one.
Learn what the research says about stretching before and after exercise.
Learn how to safely perform a simple IT band standing stretch.
A clavicle fracture (broken collarbone) is a common sports injury that requires a comprehensive rehab exercise program to return to sports quickly. Here is a general rehab exercise program for a fractured clavicle.
Quadriceps pulls & strains - information on diagnosis, treatment & prevention
If you have a sports injury, chances are you will need to take some time off to recover, but for those who don't want to stop exercising entirely, there are ways to maintain some fitness while recovering from most sports injuries.
The most common running injuries and their treatment and prevention.
Ankle Sprain - treatment and prevention of a sprained ankle and ankle pain
The lunge with twist exercise targets the quads, glutes and improves balance and core strength.
Here are some of the best equipment picks for home gym.
The Captain's Chair or vertical knee raise, exercise came in second on the list of best exercises for the rectus abdominus.
These tips will help you stay safe and reduce your risk of exercise-related injuries
Incorrectly performed full squats may lead to injury. Here are guidelines for the correct set-up and execution of the full squat exercise.
Learn to treat or prevent the most common soccer pain and injuries.
Most soft-tissue sports injuries are painful because of swelling and inflammation. This inflammation can often be treated with the use of over the counter anti-inflammatory medications.
The Principle of Overload - Definition
You can build Six Pack Abs with a combination of the right exercise routine and the right diet.
Principle of Specificity - Definition
Soccer players need good flexibility. These stretches can help
Quadriceps Pull or Tear - a pain in the front of the thigh
Strengthening the muscles that surround and support the knees and hip joints can help reduce pain and injuries.
Sports nutrition tips for strength training and muscle building. Learn what the experts say about protein, fat and carbohydrate when it comes to building muscles and strength.
How to perform the Hip Lift for abdominal strength.
Stress fractures in the leg are often the result of overuse or repeated impacts on a hard surface.
Do you know your LT? Learn how athletes can increase high intensity endurance performance with lactate threshold training.
A proper warm before exercise has many important physiological and psychological benefits for athletes.
A Sprained Wrist is a common injury that often occurs from a fall on and outstretched hand. Information about wrist injuries such as sprains and strains including diagnosis and treatment.
The Core Muscle Strength and Stability Test is one way to assess your current core strength and gauge your progress over time.
Are you making any of these common mistakes? If so, you can modify your routine and finally start getting some real fitness results.
Overcoming Performance Anxiety with Sports Psychology. How to psyche yourself up, calm yourself down and overcome performance anxiety.
Adequate fluid intake is essential for athletes before, during, and after exercise. Whether to use sports drinks or just water depends upon your duration and intensity of exercise.
Strengthening the hips may help reduce many common lower-leg pain and knee injuries, especially in runners.
The Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire is a self-screening tool that can be used by anyone who is planning to start an exercise program.
Explosive exercise training builds power, strength and fitness fast . Learn how to safely use maximal effort training to improve your sports performance.
A good bike fit is critical to cycling comfort and efficiency. Here are tips for adjusting your bicycle to avoid pain or injury.
If you exercise often and are in good shape you might occasionally experience dizziness and lightheadedness when you stand up quickly. This is generally nothing serious, and occurs due to a slow heart rate.
Meniscus Tears often require arthroscopic surgery. Learn about the cause and treatment of a meniscus cartilage.
The wall sit exercise is a quad burner.
Strength Training Over Age 50 Sports Medicine.
Topical pain relievers offer temporary pain relief, but athletes should heed these warnings before they reach for that tube of sports cream.
Piriformis Syndrome - what it is and how to treat it.
The most well-known and prominent abdominal muscle is the rectus abdominis. Page 2.
These conditions are closely related and may occur alone or in combination.
Arthroscopic surgery is the standard outpatient treatment to repair a torn meniscus. s.
Tips for treating and preventing the most common baseball and softball injuries and pain
Plyometric rebounding exercises can build power and speed if done properly
Description of lower leg anatomy, including muscles and tendons.
The Transverse Abdominis (TVA) muscle is an important stabilizer of the low-back and one of the main core stabilizing muscles of the lumbar spine.
What Is Muscular Endurance? Sports Medicine.
The skinfold measurement test is one common method of determining a person's percentage of body fat or body composition.
Learn an advanced IT band stretch to improve flexibility and reduce knee pain.
Athletes need to hydrate, but how much water should you drink?
An eccentric muscle contraction is a type of muscle activation that increases tension on a muscle as it lengthens.
A sample workout for improving sprint performance that can be applied to any sport.
Ab exercise tips for a strong, flat belly and better core strength.
The one leg squat and reach isolate your glutes and builds dynamic balance.
Athletes need protein primarily to repair and rebuild muscle that is broken down during exercise and to help optimizes carbohydrate storage in the form of glycogen.
The plank on a balance ball is a great ab exercise that builds strength and stability in the entire core.
Muscle Hypertrophy - Definition. Sports Medicine.
Both endurance and muscle mass can quickly disappear if your don't exercise, but haow much and how fast this happens depends on a few key factors.
Tendonitis is a common sports injury that often occurs from overuse.
The sit and reach test is the most common measurement of lower back and hamstring flexibility.
The top 5 tips for women over age 50 to get, and stay, fit.
A hematoma, or bruise, refers to a black and blue area on the skin that often occurs after a trauma to the soft tissue.
Learn how to prevent and treat the most common bicycling pain and injuries.
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An isometric muscle contraction, or static exercise, is one in which the muscle fires but there is no movement at a joint.
The weighted step up exercise is a simple way for both beginning and advanced athletes to build leg strength and power quickly and with a low risk of injury.
Ankle sprain rehab exercises are critical for a speedy and complete recovery from an ankle sprain. The following exercises can be used to rehab a Grade I ankle sprain.
Using crutches isn't as easy as it appears. It actually takes some instruction, a bit of coordination and then practice.
The 12 minute run test is a basic test used by coaches, trainers and athletes to assess their current fitness and to monitor their progress during fitness training.
This stretching program can help reduce hamstring pain and prevent hamstring pulls.
How to Safely Ice an Injury. Sports Medicine.
A Hip Pointer is an extremely painful injury to the iliac crest of the hip. Learn how to prevent and treat a hip pointer.
The lateral mini-band walking exercise strengthens the hip abductors, particularly the glute medius, and improves hip and knee stability.
Tips for treating and preventing the most common volleyball injuries and pain
The use of erythropoietin (EPO) is one recent way athletes have tried to artificially boost their red blood cell count and athletic performance, particularly in the professional cycling world.
If you've had arthroscopic surgery to repair your ACL, you will most likely be referred to physical therapy for specific rehabilitation exercises that are most appropriate for you.
Moderate exercise may boost the immune system function, but intense exercise can have the the opposite effect.
Hydrostatic Underwater Weighing is a method of determining body composition and body fat by weighing an athlete in a 'dunk tank.'
Amenorrhea in athletes, sometimes called exercise-associated amenorrhea, occurs when a woman doesn't have a regular period either because she exercises too much, eats too few calories or both.
These tips will help you learn how to do more situps, build your abdominal and core strength and endurance, and ace your next fitness test.
Athletes can reduce their risk of ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) injuries by adding training drills that require balance, and combined strength and speed.