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Sports Medicine: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
How to Get the Benefits of a Sports Massage at...
Learn how to soothe tight muscles by using a foam roller to release tight fascia.
Why Do I Get Leg Cramps?
A muscle spasm or cramp is a painful involuntary contraction that can stop athletes in their tracks. Here's how to deal with cramping muscles.
The Best and Worst Exercises for Your Abs
Looking for the best ab exercises? Research shows which ab exercises are the best and worst for a stronger core.
The Best Exercises for Core Strength (and Why...
Core exercises should focus on the entire torso, from head to feet, in order to develop strong, solid core strength.
Pulled a Muscle in Your Calf? Do This!
A pulled or torn calf muscle, also called a calf strain, causes sudden pain in the back of the lower leg.
Soothe Skin Abrasions with These Treatment Tips
Best treatments for skin abrasions, cuts and scrapes and road rash.
The Super Simple 7-Minute Workout
Use this super simple seven-minute workout for a quick pick-me-up or do a few rounds for a more substantial workout.
How Muscle Fiber Types Affect Sports Ability
Does muscle fiber type determine an athlete's strength, power, speed and endurance or athletes respond to training?
Don't Let the Heat Get to You - Heat Exhaustion...
If you exercise in hot weather, you may be at risk for developing heat exhaustion, a serious condition that can quickly become heat stroke if not treated promptly.
The Best Kinds of Exercise for Strong Bones
It's never too late to build stronger bones and improve bone density. Here are the best exercises to help you improve your bone health no matter what your age.
Top 5 Fitness Tips for Women Over 50
The top 5 tips for women over age 50 to get, and stay, fit.
8 Quick Ways to Work Out Your Core
Quick Core Workout Exercise 1: The Plank
Save Your Knees and Hips with These Exercises
Strengthening the muscles that surround and support the knees and hip joints can help reduce pain and injuries.
Train Like An Olympian
Training like an Olympic athlete requires a plan and a lot of dedication. By borrowing a few training secrets from Olympic athletes, you, too, can train smarter and get fit faster.
The Top Three Barbell Exercises For Building...
Strength training doesn't need to be complicated or time-consuming. You can see tremendous strength gains in a short time by focusing on just three basic, yet powerful, barbell exercises.
5 Ways to Get Your Butt in Shape
Glute Activation Exercises: If you sit much of the day, you may have weak glutes, tight hamstrings and tight hip flexors. Use this glute activation program to get your backside firing properly during before and during exercise.
Complete Guide to Ab Health
In order to develop strong, flat abs, you need to understand what the abdominal muscles do, where the abs are and how to get the most from your ab-exercise routine.
Bicycle Crunches: One of the Best Ab Exercises
The Bicycle Crunch exercise tops the list of best ab exercises for activating the rectus abdominus.
What Causes Pain in the Groin?
Groin pain can be caused by a muscle pull, strain, tear or a hernia.
The Top 5 Tips for Proper Treatment of Groin Pain
These five tips can help you treat groin injuries such as a groin strain or pull.
How To Recover Faster After Exercise
What you do after exercise can help or hinder your recovery. Learn what to do to speed your physical recovery from a hard workout.
The Plank Exercise
Learn how to perform the plank - an abdominal exercise that builds core strength and stability.
Great Ab Exercises: The Vertical Knee Raise
The Captain's Chair or vertical knee raise, exercise came in second on the list of best exercises for the rectus abdominus.
Why You're Sore After Workouts
Muscle pain, soreness and stiffness that shows up a day or two after a workout is common if you changed or increased your workout intensity.
The 10-minute Ab Circuit Workout
This fast and effective circuit workout combines ab exercises with rope jumping intervals to strengthen your core as you build endurance.
Relieve a Painful Hamstring Injury with the...
Hamstring Pull, Tear, or Strain - the most common injury among runners.
Here's What You Should Eat Before Exercise
Eating before exercise. Whether you are eating before an athletic competition, or a basic training workout, what you eat can make a difference in both your performance and recovery.
The 7 Most Effective Exercises for Your Butt
Build a better butt. Get you glutes firing with these exercises to activate and strengthen the glutes.
Plantar Fasciitis Heel Pain
Plantar fasciitis, describes heel pain that occurs from irritation or injury to the plantar fascia along the bottom of the foot.
Does Ice Water Really Boost Workout Recovery?
Many elite athletes use an ice water bath as a standard way to recover from intense workouts. What does a dip in an ice water bath do and can it improve exercise recovery and performance?
What's Causing Pain My Outer Knee Pain?
Iliotibial band syndrome, also called IT band syndrome often causes pain on the outside of the knee.
Simple Stretches to Ease Groin Pain
Groin pain can be caused by many reasons including tight, weak groin muscles or groin pulls or strains. This stretching program can help reduce groin pain and prevent groin pulls.
Prevent Achilles Tendon Injuries with These...
Learn how to safely perform a standing Achilles tendon and heel stretch
Do You Have Tennis Elbow?
Tennis elbow is a common cause of elbow pain. Learn about the cause, symptoms, and treatment of tennis elbow.
What Is a Meniscus Tear?
Meniscus Tears often require arthroscopic surgery. Learn about the cause and treatment of a meniscus cartilage.
Injure Your Tailbone? What You Should Know...
Treatment tips for tailbone pain and injury
What Is Normal Range of Motion In a Joint?
Although there is variability among individuals, the following are generally accepted values for normal range of motion in each joint.
Why Rest and Recovery Is Crucial After Exercise
Most athletes know that adequate rest after exercise is essential to high level performance. The body repairs and strengthens itself in the time between workouts, and continuous training can actually weaken the strongest athletes. Follow these tips to get the most from your rest and recovery days.
Sports Injury? Try the RICE Treatment Method
RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation and is recommended for the immediate treatment of most soft tissue sports injuries such as sprains and strains.
Top 10 Questions About Abdominal Exercises
Get answers to your questions about abdominal exercise.
Are You Exercising Too Much?
Overtraining syndrome occurs in athletes who train beyond the body's ability to recover and results in decreased performance.
Achilles Tendonitis: Easy Treatments Help...
Achilles Tendonitis is a chronic injury that causes heel pain and occurs primarily from overuse.
Boost Your Speed and Endurance with this...
Interval training workouts are a great ways for athletes to improve both speed and endurance.
Standard Exercises for the Rehab of a Broken...
A clavicle fracture (broken collarbone) is a common sports injury that requires a comprehensive rehab exercise program to return to sports quickly. Here is a general rehab exercise program for a fractured clavicle.
Resting Heart Rate
Resting heart rate (rhr) is a numeric measurement of the number of times your heart beats each minute when at complete rest. Normal heart rate values vary for both athletes and healthy people.
Increase Your Agility with 10 Effective Workouts
Agility drills can help athletes improve coordination, speed, power and specific sports skills.
What Is VO2 Max and Why Do Athletes Care?
VO2 max or maximal oxygen uptake is one factor that can determine an athlete’s capacity to perform sustained aerobic efforts. It refers to the maximum amount of oxygen that an athlete can use during maximal or exhaustive exercise.
Do Push Ups the Right Way with These Tips
The push-up exercise is a great upper body and core strength exercise that when done properly uses muscles in the chest, shoulders, triceps, back, abs and even the legs.
What Is Dehydration?
Dehydration Signs and Symptoms. An overview of dehydration symptoms, causes, treatment of significant loss of body fluids
Side Stitch: Why It Occurs and How to Prevent It
What causes a side stitch or side ache while running
Got Muscle Pain? Here Are Some Anti-Inflammator...
Most soft-tissue sports injuries are painful because of swelling and inflammation. This inflammation can often be treated with the use of over the counter anti-inflammatory medications.
6 Exercises to Get Your Butt In Shape
Research Picks the Best Butt Exercises. Here are the results for the best butt exercises.
What to Expect if You Undergo Arthroscopic...
Arthroscopic surgery is the standard outpatient treatment to repair a torn meniscus. s.
What Pelvic Pain Means
A sports hernia is something men often develop and treat quickly. But for women, a hernia can go undiagnosed for months, or even years, and cause unbearable abdominal pain.
The Best Stretching Exercises for Soccer
Soccer players need good flexibility. These stretches can help
Common Sources of Knee Pain
Knee pain can have many causes, so before you treat your pain, it's critical to diagnose the specific cause of your pain.
Top 10 Recommended Sport Sunglasses
Sport Sunglass for men and women athletes come in a variety of styles and shapes designed specifically for sports. Here are some of the top selling sport sunglasses.
How 30 Second Sprints Get You Fitter Than Jogging
Want more endurance? Do some sprints! Just six workouts of 30-second sprints may be more effective in improving cardiovascular fitness than an hour of daily moderate activity.
Ideal Post-Workout Foods to Replenish Your Body
What you eat after your workout is critical to exercise recovery.
The 6 Scientific Rules You Must Follow To Get Fit
These 6 scientific exercise training principles are the hidden factors behind effective fitness and sports performance improvement routines.
Plantar Fasciitis Stretch
Learn how to safely perform a standing Plantar Fasciitis Stretch
Can You Complete a Navy SEAL's Workout
The Navy SEALs Workout routine progresses you quickly to get results fast. Are you up to the challenge?
Work the Whole Core with 17 Effective Ab...
The best ab exercises for athletes should work the entire core, not just the abdominal muscles.
Your Guide to Staying Fit While Injured
If you have a sports injury, chances are you will need to take some time off to recover, but for those who don't want to stop exercising entirely, there are ways to maintain some fitness while recovering from most sports injuries.
Should You Ice or Heat a Sports Injury?
Confused about when to use ice and when to use heat on your injuries, aches and pains? Here are the guidelines for deciding on ice or heat for injuries.
The Basic Bridge Exercise for a Better Butt
The bridge exercise helps strengthen the glutes, hamstrings and core.
Hamstring Injury - Stretching Exercises for a...
This stretching program can help reduce hamstring pain and prevent hamstring pulls.
How Much Water Should You Drink During Exercise?
Adequate fluid intake is essential for athletes before, during, and after exercise. Whether to use sports drinks or just water depends upon your duration and intensity of exercise.
Does Stretching Matter?
Learn what the research says about stretching before and after exercise.
Why Do People Get Shin Splints?
Shin splints (medial tibial stress syndrome) is a common running injury that results in pain over the shin bone.
Experiencing Shoulder Pain? It Could Be for One...
These conditions are closely related and may occur alone or in combination.
The Best Abdominal Exercise Equipment Choices
Can exercise equipment help you get better abs? Here are a few items that just might.
What's the Difference Between Sprains and...
Sprains and strains can be painful and cause severe swelling. Learn how to treat these common injuries can speed your recovery.
4 Stretches that Open the Hips
Tight piriformis muscles can lead to knee pain and lower back pain. Use this simple piriformis stretch to open your hips and keep the piriformis limber.
How Are Ankle Sprains Caused, Treated, and...
Ankle Sprain - treatment and prevention of a sprained ankle and ankle pain
Are Exercise Ball Crunches Better Than Regular...
The ab crunch on an exercise ball is one of the top abdominal exercises you can do.
Check Out This Advanced Core Exercise
Credited to Bruce Lee, the Dragon Flag is an advanced core exercise
10 Big Workout Don'ts
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What's the Best Pain Reliever for Sports...
What pain medication should you take for sports injuries?
What Does Muscular Endurance Mean, Anyway?
What Is Muscular Endurance? Sports Medicine.
Joint Popping and Cracking - Is It Serious?
What causes Crepitus? Joint noise such as popping and cracking, and is there anything I can do about it?
What You Should Know About Foot Anatomy and...
A brief overview of foot anatomy and physiology.
Should You Worry About a Sports Hernia?
A sports hernia is an injury seen in athletes in a variety of sports. The sports hernia occurs when there is a weakening of the muscles of the abdominal wall. Treatment of a sports hernia may require surgery if the symptoms do not resolve with conservative treatments.
What Is Piriformis Syndrome?
Piriformis Syndrome - what it is and how to treat it.
The Most Common Methods for Measuring Body...
What's the difference between body composition and percent body fat?
6 Essential Back Pain Stretches
Back pain can be caused by many reasons including tight, weak back, abdominal and core muscles or muscle pulls or strains. This back pain stretching exercise program can help reduce back pain and prevent some back injuries.
V-Sit Ab Exercise
How to do the V-Sit abdominal exercise for core strength.
What Is the Principle of Specificity?
Principle of Specificity - Definition
Can You Really Drink Too Much Water?
Can athletes drink too much water? Hyponatremia has become more prevalent as more people are participating in endurance sports.
Tips and Tricks to Uncover Your Hidden Six Pack...
You can build Six Pack Abs with a combination of the right exercise routine and the right diet.
Compound or Isolation Exercises: Which Is Better?
For most people compound exercises provide better results than isolation exercises and should be the core of any weight training routine.
How Much Water You Actually Need
Athletes need to hydrate, but how much water should you drink?
Why It's Important to Warm Up Before you Exercise
A proper warm before exercise has many important physiological and psychological benefits for athletes.
The Best Foods to Eat After Exercise
What and when you eat and drink after exercise is essential for recovery. Learn when and what to eat after your workouts for optimal recovery.
Treadmill vs Outside Running - Is it the Same...
Is Running on a Treadmill As Good As Running Outside? Is outdoor running better than the treadmill? Well, there are pros and cons to each.
When Is the Best Time of Day to Exercise?
What is the best time to exercise? There are pros and cons of morning, afternoon and evening exercise and athletic performance, but research may uncover the best time for exercise.
What Happens During a Treadmill Stress Test?
The Bruce Treadmill Test Protocol is a common fitness assessment used by athletes and coaches to measure VO2 max, and aerobic endurance.
What Are Some Common Causes of Hip Pain in...
Here are some of the most common causes of hip pain or injury in athletes. Learn how to prevent and treat hip pain during sports.
Blood Doping and Athletes: What You Need to Know
The use of erythropoietin (EPO) is one recent way athletes have tried to artificially boost their red blood cell count and athletic performance, particularly in the professional cycling world.
Heat Stroke - Symptoms and Prevention for...
Heat Stroke is a medical emergency and athletes who exercise in hot weather can be at higher risk of both heat stroke and heat exhaustion.
What's the Best Running Shoe for Your Foot Type?
Find the best running shoe for your foot type.
Should You Take the PAR-Q Before Starting a...
The Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire is a self-screening tool that can be used by anyone who is planning to start an exercise program.
Concussion Signs and Symptoms
Any blow to the head can result in a concussion or another serious brain injury, but knowing what to watch for can reduce your risk of head injury complications.
What is a Superset?
A superset is a form of strength training in which you move from one exercise to the next without a rest break.
How Do Carbs, Fat, and Protein Provide Fuel for...
There are three main pathways to convert nutrients to energy (ATP) for exercise and it is the intensity and duration of the exercise that determines which method gets used.
How Isometric Exercises Can Benefit You
An isometric muscle contraction, or static exercise, is one in which the muscle fires but there is no movement at a joint.
The Easiest Exercise for Immense Quad Strength
The wall sit exercise is a quad burner.
When To See a Doctor for Knee Pain
Most athletes will experience some knee pain from time to time, but there are some clues that indicate more serious knee pain that may need to be seen by a doctor for a complete evaluation and treatment plan.
How Overloading Can Improve Your Fitness
The Principle of Overload - Definition
Try This 12 Minute Run to Test Your Fitness
The 12 minute run test is a basic test used by coaches, trainers and athletes to assess their current fitness and to monitor their progress during fitness training.
The Ideal Amount of Time to Ice an Injury
A recent cautions against keeping bags of frozen vegetables on bare skin for too long because this household remedy to treat swelling could backfire.
What Exercises Cause Eccentric Muscle Contraction
An eccentric muscle contraction is a type of muscle activation that increases tension on a muscle as it lengthens.
A Full-Body Workout With Just 6 Exercises
A full body circuit routine that builds both strength and cardiovascular health in one quick workout.
Stretching Basics Everyone Should Know
Stretching is a fundamental way to improve your overall health and fitness, and a complete stretching routine can take as little as ten minutes.
7 Shoe Inserts to Banish Foot Pain
Not every athlete needs an insert, but if you are prone to overuse injuries, or have foot, knee or back pain or instability, you may benefit from one.
What is a Hematoma?
A hematoma, or bruise, refers to a black and blue area on the skin that often occurs after a trauma to the soft tissue.
The Best Cushioned Neutral Running Shoes
Here are some of the most popular cushioned, neutral running shoes on the market.
Why Do I Get Dizzy When I Stand Up?
If you exercise often and are in good shape you might occasionally experience dizziness and lightheadedness when you stand up quickly. This is generally nothing serious, and occurs due to a slow heart rate.
An Easier Way to Calculate Body Fat Percentage
The skinfold measurement test is one common method of determining a person's percentage of body fat or body composition.
What Causes Heat Cramps?
Even highly conditioned athletes can develop heat cramps when exercising in hot weather, painful muscles spasms that occur in the arms,legs,or abdomen.
Got a Black Eye? Learn the Correct Ways to...
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How You Can Assess Your Core Strength
The Core Muscle Strength and Stability Test is one way to assess your current core strength and gauge your progress over time.
Learn to Safely Stretch Your Iliotibial Band
Learn how to safely perform a simple IT band standing stretch.
How to Do the Alternating Superman Core Exercise
Raise your right arm and left leg about 5-6 inches off the ground (or as far as you comfortably can). Hold for 3 seconds and relax.
Your Guide to Strength Training When Over 50
Strength Training Over Age 50. Sports Medicine.
Build Sports Endurance with Shuttle Runs
The shuttle run is often used to measure the kind of endurance you need for stop-and-go sports such as soccer, hockey, basketball, and tennis.
What are Tendonitis and Tendinopathy?
Tendonitis is a common sports injury that often occurs from overuse.
What is a Jammed Finger?
The term jammed finger generally refers to joint swelling in the finger from an end-on injury.
Why Carbs Are Important for Exercise
Carbohydrate is arguably the most important source of energy for athletes. No matter what sport you play, carbs provide the energy that fuels muscle contractions.
Try This Test to Measure Upper Body Strength
The push up fitness test is a basic test used by coaches, trainers and athletes to assess their current fitness and to monitor their progress during fitness training.
Take This Test to Measure Your Flexibility
The sit and reach test is the most common measurement of lower back and hamstring flexibility.
What Happens in a Turf Toe Injury?
Turf toe is a sports an injury that causes pain at the base of the big toe. Usually the result of athletic activities on a hard surface, turf toe is especially common in athletes who compete on artificial turf. Treatment of turf toe is usually helpful, but the condition can return.
The Important Link Between Exercise and Healthy...
Building and maintaining bone density requires a combination of good nutrition and weight bearing exercise.
How Vegetarian Athletes Can Stay Fit
Vegetarians must take extra care to avoid deficiencies of iron, zinc, and B12, which can hurt exercise and strength training performance.
The Right Way to Use a Rowing Machine
Rowing is a great cardiovascular and strength-building exercise. With proper technique, rowing will work all the major muscle groups of the core, arms and legs in a balanced manner.
The Correct Way to Safely Perform a Full Squat...
Incorrectly performed full squats may lead to injury. Here are guidelines for the correct set-up and execution of the full squat exercise.
Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension)
In most people low blood pressure isn't cause for concern unless it results in symptoms such as lightheadedness or fainting.
Lying Piriformis Stretch
Tight piriformis muscles can lead to knee pain and lower back pain. Use this simple piriformis stretch to open your hips and keep the piriformis limber.
The Beginner's Guide to Lower Leg Anatomy
Description of lower leg anatomy, including muscles and tendons.
This Exercise Works 6 Muscles at Once!
The lunge with twist exercise targets the quads, glutes and improves balance and core strength.
Jump Lunge Exercise
This powerful variation of the basic lunge adds the intensity of plyometrics and cardiovascular conditioning.
Top Tips for Overcoming Performance Anxiety in...
Overcoming Performance Anxiety with Sports Psychology. How to psyche yourself up, calm yourself down and overcome performance anxiety.
Best Choices for Stability Shoes
Stability running shoes give athletes a mix of comfort and stability and are a good choice for athletes without major pronation and supination issues.
Don't Become a Crazy Sports Parent
Don't become a crazy parent who yells and screams at their kids, the coaches and the umpires from the sidelines. Encouraging your child to play sports is one of the best ways to help him or her develop healthy habits that will last a lifetime, but some parents take it too far by emphasizing winning rather than skill development and having fun.
How to Measure Body Fat with Hydrostatic...
Hydrostatic Underwater Weighing is a method of determining body composition and body fat by weighing an athlete in a 'dunk tank.'
Your Guide to Dealing with ACL and PCL Injuries
Information about Ligament Injuries of the knee: ACL, PCL, MCL and LCL Anterior and Posterior Cruciate Ligament and Medial and Lateral Collateral ligament injuries.
The Right Way to Use a Spin Bike
Good bicycle positioning, even on a stationary or spin bicycle, is critical to cycling comfort and efficiency. Here are tips for adjusting your bicycle to avoid pain or injury.
Is a Ruptured Achilles Tendon as Bad as It...
A Ruptured Achilles Tendon causes sudden pain in the back of the lower leg.
Think You Sprained Your Wrist? Here's What to Do
A Sprained Wrist is a common injury that often occurs from a fall on and outstretched hand. Information about wrist injuries such as sprains and strains including diagnosis and treatment.
IT Band Pain - Stretching Exercises for IT Band...
IT band pain can be caused by many reasons, including a tight or overused IT band, tight, weak muscles or an acute injury. This stretching program can help reduce IT band pain.

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