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Sports Medicine: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
The Best and Worst Exercises for Your Abs
Looking for the best ab exercises? Research shows which ab exercises are the best and worst for a stronger core.
How Muscle Fiber Types Affect Sports Ability
Does muscle fiber type determine an athlete's strength, power, speed and endurance or athletes respond to training?
The Best Exercises for Core Strength (and Why...
Core exercises should focus on the entire torso, from head to feet, in order to develop strong, solid core strength.
Try These Bodyweight Exercises for a Quick No...
Bodyweight exercises can be done any time with no equipmentand are ideal for traveling and home workouts or adding a bit of variety to your regular exercise routine.
Why Do I Get Leg Cramps?
A muscle spasm or cramp is a painful involuntary contraction that can stop athletes in their tracks. Here's how to deal with cramping muscles.
Pulled a Muscle in Your Calf? Do This!
A pulled or torn calf muscle, also called a calf strain, causes sudden pain in the back of the lower leg.
10 Products Every Athlete Will Use and Love
Ten of the best pieces of fitness gear, equipment and products that every athlete would love to have in their workout tool box.
A Full-Body Workout With Just 6 Exercises
A full body circuit routine that builds both strength and cardiovascular health in one quick workout.
Complete Guide to Ab Health
In order to develop strong, flat abs, you need to understand what the abdominal muscles do, where the abs are and how to get the most from your ab-exercise routine.
The Top 5 Tips for Proper Treatment of Groin Pain
These five tips can help you treat groin injuries such as a groin strain or pull.
Should You Take the PAR-Q Before Starting a...
The Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire is a self-screening tool that can be used by anyone who is planning to start an exercise program.
Why You're Sore After Workouts
Muscle pain, soreness and stiffness that shows up a day or two after a workout is common if you changed or increased your workout intensity.
What Does Muscular Endurance Mean, Anyway?
What Is Muscular Endurance? Sports Medicine.
What Is VO2 Max and Why Do Athletes Care?
VO2 max or maximal oxygen uptake is one factor that can determine an athlete’s capacity to perform sustained aerobic efforts. It refers to the maximum amount of oxygen that an athlete can use during maximal or exhaustive exercise.
How Isometric Exercises Can Benefit You
An isometric muscle contraction, or static exercise, is one in which the muscle fires but there is no movement at a joint.
What Causes Pain in the Groin?
Groin pain can be caused by a muscle pull, strain, tear or a hernia.
Great Ab Exercises: The Vertical Knee Raise
The Captain's Chair or vertical knee raise, exercise came in second on the list of best exercises for the rectus abdominus.
Why Rest and Recovery Is Crucial After Exercise
Most athletes know that adequate rest after exercise is essential to high level performance. The body repairs and strengthens itself in the time between workouts, and continuous training can actually weaken the strongest athletes. Follow these tips to get the most from your rest and recovery days.
Plantar Fasciitis Heel Pain
Plantar fasciitis, describes heel pain that occurs from irritation or injury to the plantar fascia along the bottom of the foot.
8 Quick Ways to Work Out Your Core
Quick Core Workout Exercise 1: The Plank
Bicycle Crunches: One of the Best Ab Exercises
The Bicycle Crunch exercise tops the list of best ab exercises for activating the rectus abdominus.
What Is Normal Range of Motion In a Joint?
Although there is variability among individuals, the following are generally accepted values for normal range of motion in each joint.
What Exercises Cause Eccentric Muscle Contraction
An eccentric muscle contraction is a type of muscle activation that increases tension on a muscle as it lengthens.
Soothe Skin Abrasions with These Treatment Tips
Best treatments for skin abrasions, cuts and scrapes and road rash.
Relieve a Painful Hamstring Injury with the...
Hamstring Pull, Tear, or Strain - the most common injury among runners.
What Is the Principle of Specificity?
Principle of Specificity - Definition
The 7 Most Effective Exercises for Your Butt
Build a better butt. Get you glutes firing with these exercises to activate and strengthen the glutes.
What Is Concentric Muscle Contraction?
A concentric muscle contraction is a type of muscle activation that increases tension on a muscle as it shortens.
What's Causing Pain My Outer Knee Pain?
Iliotibial band syndrome, also called IT band syndrome often causes pain on the outside of the knee.
5 Ways to Get Your Butt in Shape
Glute Activation Exercises: If you sit much of the day, you may have weak glutes, tight hamstrings and tight hip flexors. Use this glute activation program to get your backside firing properly during before and during exercise.
Increase Your Agility with 10 Effective Workouts
Agility drills can help athletes improve coordination, speed, power and specific sports skills.
How Overloading Can Improve Your Fitness
The Principle of Overload - Definition
Are You Exercising Too Much?
Overtraining syndrome occurs in athletes who train beyond the body's ability to recover and results in decreased performance.
Why Women Should Lift Weights
Women who lift weights are better able to maintain body weight, improve fitness and achieve a high quality of life. So why don't more women lift weights?
How To Recover Faster After Exercise
To recover faster after a workout, start by following these tips.
The Plank Exercise
Learn how to perform the plank - an abdominal exercise that builds core strength and stability.
Simple Stretches to Ease Groin Pain
Groin pain can be caused by many reasons including tight, weak groin muscles or groin pulls or strains. This stretching program can help reduce groin pain and prevent groin pulls.
What Happens During a Treadmill Stress Test?
The Bruce Treadmill Test Protocol is a common fitness assessment used by athletes and coaches to measure VO2 max, and aerobic endurance.
Achilles Tendonitis: Easy Treatments Help...
Achilles Tendonitis is a chronic injury that causes heel pain and occurs primarily from overuse.
10 Big Workout Don'ts
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Sports Injury? Try the RICE Treatment Method
RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation and is recommended for the immediate treatment of most soft tissue sports injuries such as sprains and strains.
Boost Your Speed and Endurance with this...
Interval training workouts are a great ways for athletes to improve both speed and endurance.
How Do Carbs, Fat, and Protein Provide Fuel for...
There are three main pathways to convert nutrients to energy (ATP) for exercise and it is the intensity and duration of the exercise that determines which method gets used.
Here's What You Should Eat Before Exercise
Eating before exercise. Whether you are eating before an athletic competition, or a basic training workout, what you eat can make a difference in both your performance and recovery.
What Is a Meniscus Tear?
Meniscus Tears often require arthroscopic surgery. Learn about the cause and treatment of a meniscus cartilage.
What You Should Know About the Principle of...
The Principle of Progression - Definition
Standard Exercises for the Rehab of a Broken...
A clavicle fracture (broken collarbone) is a common sports injury that requires a comprehensive rehab exercise program to return to sports quickly. Here is a general rehab exercise program for a fractured clavicle.
How to Get the Benefits of a Sports Massage at...
Learn how to soothe tight muscles by using a foam roller to release tight fascia.
What to Expect if You Undergo Arthroscopic...
Arthroscopic surgery is the standard outpatient treatment to repair a torn meniscus. s.
Compound or Isolation Exercises: Which Is Better?
For most people compound exercises provide better results than isolation exercises and should be the core of any weight training routine.
Should You Worry About a Sports Hernia?
A sports hernia is an injury seen in athletes in a variety of sports. The sports hernia occurs when there is a weakening of the muscles of the abdominal wall. Treatment of a sports hernia may require surgery if the symptoms do not resolve with conservative treatments.
The Most Common Methods for Measuring Body...
What's the difference between body composition and percent body fat?
Plantar Fasciitis Stretch
Learn how to safely perform a standing Plantar Fasciitis Stretch
Top 10 Questions About Abdominal Exercises
Get answers to your questions about abdominal exercise.
Injure Your Tailbone? What You Should Know...
Treatment tips for tailbone pain and injury
The 10-minute Ab Circuit Workout
This fast and effective circuit workout combines ab exercises with rope jumping intervals to strengthen your core as you build endurance.
What's the Difference Between Sprains and...
Sprains and strains can be painful and cause severe swelling. Learn how to treat these common injuries can speed your recovery.
The Definition of Isokinetic
What is the definition of an isokinetic muscle contraction.
Common Sources of Knee Pain
Knee pain can have many causes, so before you treat your pain, it's critical to diagnose the specific cause of your pain.
What Is Piriformis Syndrome?
Piriformis Syndrome - what it is and how to treat it.
Why It's Important to Warm Up Before you Exercise
A proper warm before exercise has many important physiological and psychological benefits for athletes.
Blood Doping and Athletes: What You Need to Know
The use of erythropoietin (EPO) is one recent way athletes have tried to artificially boost their red blood cell count and athletic performance, particularly in the professional cycling world.
What Pelvic Pain Means
A sports hernia is something men often develop and treat quickly. But for women, a hernia can go undiagnosed for months, or even years, and cause unbearable abdominal pain.
The Basic Bridge Exercise for a Better Butt
The bridge exercise helps strengthen the glutes, hamstrings and core.
Work the Whole Core with 17 Effective Ab...
The best ab exercises for athletes should work the entire core, not just the abdominal muscles.
Experiencing Shoulder Pain? It Could Be for One...
These conditions are closely related and may occur alone or in combination.
Should You Ice or Heat a Sports Injury?
Confused about when to use ice and when to use heat on your injuries, aches and pains? Here are the guidelines for deciding on ice or heat for injuries.
An Easier Way to Calculate Body Fat Percentage
The skinfold measurement test is one common method of determining a person's percentage of body fat or body composition.
Does Ice Water Really Boost Workout Recovery?
Many elite athletes use an ice water bath as a standard way to recover from intense workouts. What does a dip in an ice water bath do and can it improve exercise recovery and performance?
Take This Test to Measure Your Flexibility
The sit and reach test is the most common measurement of lower back and hamstring flexibility.
Side Stitch: Why It Occurs and How to Prevent It
What causes a side stitch or side ache while running
Why Carbs Are Important for Exercise
Carbohydrate is arguably the most important source of energy for athletes. No matter what sport you play, carbs provide the energy that fuels muscle contractions.
7 Shoe Inserts to Banish Foot Pain
Not every athlete needs an insert, but if you are prone to overuse injuries, or have foot, knee or back pain or instability, you may benefit from one.
Try This 12 Minute Run to Test Your Fitness
The 12 minute run test is a basic test used by coaches, trainers and athletes to assess their current fitness and to monitor their progress during fitness training.
Got Muscle Pain? Here Are Some Anti-Inflammator...
Most soft-tissue sports injuries are painful because of swelling and inflammation. This inflammation can often be treated with the use of over the counter anti-inflammatory medications.
Joint Popping and Cracking - Is It Serious?
What causes Crepitus? Joint noise such as popping and cracking, and is there anything I can do about it?
The 6 Scientific Rules You Must Follow To Get Fit
These 6 scientific exercise training principles are the hidden factors behind effective fitness and sports performance improvement routines.
The Best Abdominal Exercise Equipment Choices
Can exercise equipment help you get better abs? Here are a few items that just might.
How 30 Second Sprints Get You Fitter Than Jogging
Want more endurance? Do some sprints! Just six workouts of 30-second sprints may be more effective in improving cardiovascular fitness than an hour of daily moderate activity.
The Best Cushioned Neutral Running Shoes
Here are some of the most popular cushioned, neutral running shoes on the market.
Your Quick Guide to Steroids in Sports
The use of anabolic steroids is banned in professional and organized sports. Steroids are a class of drugs that are legally available only by prescription.
4 Stretches that Open the Hips
Tight piriformis muscles can lead to knee pain and lower back pain. Use this simple piriformis stretch to open your hips and keep the piriformis limber.
Save Your Knees and Hips with These Exercises
Strengthening the muscles that surround and support the knees and hip joints can help reduce pain and injuries.
6 Exercises to Get Your Butt In Shape
Research Picks the Best Butt Exercises. Here are the results for the best butt exercises.
What's the Best Pain Reliever for Sports...
What pain medication should you take for sports injuries?
How Fat Provides Energy for Exercise
Fat provides an athlete's main fuel source during long duration, low to moderate intensity exercise and endurance sports like marathons and ultra-events. But even during high intensity exercise, where carbohydrate is the athlete's main fuel, fat is needed to help access the stored carbohydrate (glycogen).
Can You Complete a Navy SEAL's Workout
The Navy SEALs Workout routine progresses you quickly to get results fast. Are you up to the challenge?
The Easiest Exercise for Immense Quad Strength
The wall sit exercise is a quad burner.
How to Measure Body Fat with Hydrostatic...
Hydrostatic Underwater Weighing is a method of determining body composition and body fat by weighing an athlete in a 'dunk tank.'
The Best Stretching Exercises for Soccer
Soccer players need good flexibility. These stretches can help
V-Sit Ab Exercise
How to do the V-Sit abdominal exercise for core strength.
What Is Muscle Hypertrophy?
Muscle Hypertrophy - Definition. Sports Medicine.
Your Guide to Dealing with ACL and PCL Injuries
Information about Ligament Injuries of the knee: ACL, PCL, MCL and LCL Anterior and Posterior Cruciate Ligament and Medial and Lateral Collateral ligament injuries.
Ideal Post-Workout Foods to Replenish Your Body
What you eat after your workout is critical to exercise recovery.
Does Stretching Matter?
Learn what the research says about stretching before and after exercise.
Check Out This Advanced Core Exercise
Credited to Bruce Lee, the Dragon Flag is an advanced core exercise
What is VO2 Max?
VO2 Max - Definition: VO2 max is the maximal oxygen uptake or the maximum volume of oxygen that can be utilized in one minute during maximal or exhaustive exercise.
Your Guide to Staying Fit While Injured
If you have a sports injury, chances are you will need to take some time off to recover, but for those who don't want to stop exercising entirely, there are ways to maintain some fitness while recovering from most sports injuries.
Best Choices for Stability Shoes
Stability running shoes give athletes a mix of comfort and stability and are a good choice for athletes without major pronation and supination issues.
Positive Self Talk
Developing positive self talk can take an athlete's sports performance to the next level. Here are some simple steps you can begin today to turn negative self talk into positive.
What You Should Know About Foot Anatomy and...
A brief overview of foot anatomy and physiology.
How to Stretch the Piriformis Muscle and Open...
Use these piriformis stretches to open your hips and keep the piriformis limber. Try the lying stretch as well as sitting cross-legged and a chair variation.
What Are Some Common Causes of Hip Pain in...
Here are some of the most common causes of hip pain or injury in athletes. Learn how to prevent and treat hip pain during sports.
How Much Water You Actually Need
Athletes need to hydrate, but how much water should you drink?
One Unexpected Way to Improve Sports Performance
Visualization in sport - can you use mental rehearsal to improve your performance?
Prevent Achilles Tendon Injuries with These...
Learn how to safely perform a standing Achilles tendon and heel stretch
Try This Test to Measure Upper Body Strength
The push up fitness test is a basic test used by coaches, trainers and athletes to assess their current fitness and to monitor their progress during fitness training.
Why Do People Get Shin Splints?
Shin splints (medial tibial stress syndrome) is a common running injury that results in pain over the shin bone.
Concussion Signs and Symptoms
Any blow to the head can result in a concussion or another serious brain injury, but knowing what to watch for can reduce your risk of head injury complications.
Do You Have Tennis Elbow?
Tennis elbow is a common cause of elbow pain. Learn about the cause, symptoms, and treatment of tennis elbow.
Ganglion Cysts
Ganglion cysts are small round lumps typically on the wrist, but occasionally on a finger or top of a foot.
How You Can Assess Your Core Strength
The Core Muscle Strength and Stability Test is one way to assess your current core strength and gauge your progress over time.
How Much Water Should You Drink During Exercise?
Adequate fluid intake is essential for athletes before, during, and after exercise. Whether to use sports drinks or just water depends upon your duration and intensity of exercise.
Best Exercise Equipment for a Home Gym
Here are some of the best equipment picks for home gym.
Top Tips for Overcoming Performance Anxiety in...
Overcoming Performance Anxiety with Sports Psychology. How to psyche yourself up, calm yourself down and overcome performance anxiety.
Foot Arches
The foot arches are formed by the bones (tarsal and metatarsal), ligaments, and tendons of the foot and are essential for both movement and weight bearing.
Top 20 Unique and Unusual Fitness Gift Ideas...
The best, and most unusual, gift ideas for every athlete.
Treadmill vs Outside Running - Is it the Same...
Is Running on a Treadmill As Good As Running Outside? Is outdoor running better than the treadmill? Well, there are pros and cons to each.
How Much Protein Do Athletes Really Need?
Athletes need protein primarily to repair and rebuild muscle that is broken down during exercise and to help optimizes carbohydrate storage in the form of glycogen.
Do Push Ups the Right Way with These Tips
The push-up exercise is a great upper body and core strength exercise that when done properly uses muscles in the chest, shoulders, triceps, back, abs and even the legs.
Hamstring Injury - Stretching Exercises for a...
This stretching program can help reduce hamstring pain and prevent hamstring pulls.
Plantar Fasciitis and Heel Pain Treatment Tips
These tips can help you treat plantar fasciitis and heel pain.
When Is the Best Time of Day to Exercise?
What is the best time to exercise? There are pros and cons of morning, afternoon and evening exercise and athletic performance, but research may uncover the best time for exercise.
Common Wrestling Injuries
Wrestling injuries frequently include strains and sprains, but serous and traumatic injuries can occur as well.
What's the Best Running Shoe for Your Foot Type?
Find the best running shoe for your foot type.
Learn to Safely Stretch Your Iliotibial Band
Learn how to safely perform a simple IT band standing stretch.
The Surprising Link Between Genetics and Sports
How do genetics influence athletic ability? Do our genes predict our sports success or does it all depend on training?
Got a Black Eye? Learn the Correct Ways to...
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What Is a Joint?
What is a joint? Learn the medical definition of the term.
Think You Sprained Your Wrist? Here's What to Do
A Sprained Wrist is a common injury that often occurs from a fall on and outstretched hand. Information about wrist injuries such as sprains and strains including diagnosis and treatment.
Are Exercise Ball Crunches Better Than Regular...
The ab crunch on an exercise ball is one of the top abdominal exercises you can do.
What is a Jammed Finger?
The term jammed finger generally refers to joint swelling in the finger from an end-on injury.
How Are Ankle Sprains Caused, Treated, and...
Ankle Sprain - treatment and prevention of a sprained ankle and ankle pain
Can You Really Drink Too Much Water?
Can athletes drink too much water? Hyponatremia has become more prevalent as more people are participating in endurance sports.
Top 10 Recommended Sport Sunglasses
Sport Sunglass for men and women athletes come in a variety of styles and shapes designed specifically for sports. Here are some of the top selling sport sunglasses.
When To See a Doctor for Knee Pain
Most athletes will experience some knee pain from time to time, but there are some clues that indicate more serious knee pain that may need to be seen by a doctor for a complete evaluation and treatment plan.
What is Sports Medicine?
Sports medicine is the study and practice of medical principles related to the science of sports, particularly in the areas of sports injury - diagnosis, treatment and prevention - and sports training and athletic performance.
What are Tendonitis and Tendinopathy?
Tendonitis is a common sports injury that often occurs from overuse.
Should Mitral Valve Prolapse Concern Athletes?
Athletes with mitral valve prolapse - Is there a cause for concern?
Lateral Band Walking Exercise
The lateral mini-band walking exercise strengthens the hip abductors, particularly the glute medius, and improves hip and knee stability.
Looking to Improve Your Endurance? This Can Help
Do you know your LT? Learn how athletes can increase high intensity endurance performance with lactate threshold training.
Herniated Discs
A herniated disc occurs when all or part of the soft center of a spinal disc ruptures through a weakened part of the disc and puts pressure on the spinal nerves.
What is a Superset?
A superset is a form of strength training in which you move from one exercise to the next without a rest break.
The Ideal Amount of Time to Ice an Injury
A recent cautions against keeping bags of frozen vegetables on bare skin for too long because this household remedy to treat swelling could backfire.
Resting Heart Rate
Resting heart rate (rhr) is a numeric measurement of the number of times your heart beats each minute when at complete rest. Normal heart rate values vary for both athletes and healthy people.
What to Do for a Sprained Ankle to Speed Your...
Immediate treatment and proper rehab can reduce recovery time after an ankle sprain. Here's what to do to speed your recovery.
Seated Oblique Twists With Medicine Ball
How to do the Russian Twist with a medicine ball
Test Your Shoulder Flexibility with This Test
The shoulder flexibility test is the most common measurement of upper body and shoulder flexibility.
Why You Should Work on Improving Balance Right...
Learn how a few simple balance training and proprioception exercises can improve performance and reduce injuries.
Do You Have One of These Common Soccer Injuries?
Learn to treat or prevent the most common soccer pain and injuries.

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