Sports Medicine: Most Popular Articles
Core exercises should focus on the entire torso, from head to feet, in order to develop strong, solid core strength.
Does muscle fiber type determine an athlete's strength, power, speed and endurance or athletes respond to training?
A pulled or torn calf muscle, also called a calf strain, causes sudden pain in the back of the lower leg.
Muscle pain, soreness and stiffness that shows up a day or two after a workout is common if you changed or increased your workout intensity.
What you do after exercise can help or hinder your recovery. Learn what to do to speed your physical recovery from a hard workout.
Quick Core Workout Exercise 1: The Plank
What Is Muscular Endurance? Sports Medicine.
Best treatments for skin abrasions, cuts and scrapes and road rash.
Many elite athletes use an ice water bath as a standard way to recover from intense workouts. What does a dip in an ice water bath do and can it improve exercise recovery and performance?
Most athletes know that adequate rest after exercise is essential to high level performance. The body repairs and strengthens itself in the time between workouts, and continuous training can actually weaken the strongest athletes. Follow these tips to get the most from your rest and recovery days.
If you sit much of the day you may have weak glutes, tight hamstrings and tight hip flexors. Use this glute activation program to get your backside firing properly during before and during exercise.
Iliotibial band syndrome, also called IT band syndrome often causes pain on the outside of the knee.
Eating before exercise. Whether you are eating before an athletic competition, or a basic training workout, what you eat can make a difference in both your performance and recovery.
You don't need to make massive changes to your entire life to get real fitness results. Make these small, but powerful changes to your routine and you just may see the benefits add up quickly.
Learn how to soothe tight muscles by using a foam roller to release tight fascia.
A muscle spasm or cramp is a painful involuntary contraction that can stop athletes in their tracks. Here's how to deal with cramping muscles.
Learn how to perform the plank - an abdominal exercise that builds core strength and stability.
Interval training workouts are a great ways for athletes to improve both speed and endurance.
Build a better butt. Get you glutes firing with these exercises to activate and strengthen the glutes.
The Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire is a self-screening tool that can be used by anyone who is planning to start an exercise program.
Want more endurance? Do some sprints! Just six workouts of 30-second sprints may be more effective in improving cardiovascular fitness than an hour of daily moderate activity.
Achilles Tendonitis is a chronic injury that causes heel pain and occurs primarily from overuse.
VO2 max or maximal oxygen uptake is one factor that can determine an athleteâ€™s capacity to perform sustained aerobic efforts. It refers to the maximum amount of oxygen that an athlete can use during maximal or exhaustive exercise.
Groin pain can be caused by a muscle pull, strain, tear or a hernia.
Hamstring Pull, Tear, or Strain - the most common injury among runners.
Credited to Bruce Lee, the Dragon Flag is an advanced core exercise
What's the difference between body composition and percent body fat?
RICE stands for Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation and is recommended for the immediate treatment of most soft tissue sports injuries such as sprains and strains.
Principle of Specificity - Definition
What is the best time to exercise? There are pros and cons of morning, afternoon and evening exercise and athletic performance, but research may uncover the best time for exercise.
Agility drills can help athletes improve coordination, speed, power and specific sports skills.
These five tips can help you treat groin injuries such as a groin strain or pull.
The bridge exercise helps strengthen the glutes, hamstrings and core.
The best ab exercises for athletes should work the entire core, not just the abdominal muscles.
Overtraining syndrome occurs in athletes who train beyond the body's ability to recover and results in decreased performance.
Research Picks the Best Butt Exercises. Here are the results for the best butt exercises.
What causes Crepitus? Joint noise such as popping and cracking, and is there anything I can do about it?
What causes a side stitch or side ache while running
How to do the V-Sit abdominal exercise for core strength.
The Principle of Overload - Definition
Learn how to safely perform a standing Achilles tendon and heel stretch
Amphetamines are central nervous system stimulant drugs that increase alertness and self-confidence, improve concentration, decrease appetite and create a feeling of increased energy. However, they do not actually help an athlete perform better.
An isometric muscle contraction, or static exercise, is one in which the muscle fires but there is no movement at a joint.
What should I do first weight lifting or aerobic exercise? Learn what the experts say about the benefit of doing cardio exercise before weights or weights before cardio.
An eccentric muscle contraction is a type of muscle activation that increases tension on a muscle as it lengthens.
Confused about when to use ice and when to use heat on your injuries, aches and pains? Here are the guidelines for deciding on ice or heat for injuries.
Experts who study exercise science have developed some fundamental principles that tend to apply across the board to the way the human body responds and adapts to physical activity. These rules are often referred to as the principles of conditioning.
For most people compound exercises provide better results than isolation exercises and should be the core of any weight training routine.
What you eat after your workout is critical to exercise recovery.
There are three main pathways to convert nutrients to energy (ATP) for exercise and it is the intensity and duration of the exercise that determines which method gets used.
Carbohydrate is arguably the most important source of energy for athletes. No matter what sport you play, carbs provide the energy that fuels muscle contractions.
Tight piriformis muscles can lead to knee pain and lower back pain. Use this simple piriformis stretch to open your hips and keep the piriformis limber.
The push-up exercise is a great upper body and core strength exercise that when done properly uses muscles in the chest, shoulders, triceps, back, abs and even the legs.
Soccer players need good flexibility. These stretches can help
Here are some of the most common causes of hip pain or injury in athletes. Learn how to prevent and treat hip pain during sports.
The sit and reach test is the most common measurement of lower back and hamstring flexibility.
Looking for the best ab exercises? Research shows which ab exercises are the best and worst for a stronger core.
A clavicle fracture (broken collarbone) is a common sports injury that requires a comprehensive rehab exercise program to return to sports quickly. Here is a general rehab exercise program for a fractured clavicle.
Learn what the research says about stretching before and after exercise.
The Bicycle Crunch exercise tops the list of best ab exercises for activating the rectus abdominus.
Raise your right arm and left leg about 5-6 inches off the ground (or as far as you comfortably can). Hold for 3 seconds and relax.
Although there is variability among individuals, the following are generally accepted values for normal range of motion in each joint.
The Navy SEALs Workout routine progresses you quickly to get results fast. Are you up to the challenge?
Arthroscopic surgery is the standard outpatient treatment to repair a torn meniscus. s.
Sprains and strains can be painful and cause severe swelling. Learn how to treat these common injuries can speed your recovery.
Tendonitis is a common sports injury that often occurs from overuse.
The 12 minute run test is a basic test used by coaches, trainers and athletes to assess their current fitness and to monitor their progress during fitness training.
Learn to treat or prevent the most common soccer pain and injuries.
Adequate fluid intake is essential for athletes before, during, and after exercise. Whether to use sports drinks or just water depends upon your duration and intensity of exercise.
How to do the Russian Twist with a medicine ball
Super Glue belongs in the hardware drawer not the medicine cabinet right? Well, it depends. Some doctors are recommending a little of the glue for minor cuts.
Treatment tips for tailbone pain and injury
The skinfold measurement test is one common method of determining a person's percentage of body fat or body composition.
Meniscus Tears often require arthroscopic surgery. Learn about the cause and treatment of a meniscus cartilage.
If you have a sports injury, chances are you will need to take some time off to recover, but for those who don't want to stop exercising entirely, there are ways to maintain some fitness while recovering from most sports injuries.
Shin splints (medial tibial stress syndrome) is a common running injury that results in pain over the shin bone.
Are you making any of these common mistakes? If so, you can modify your routine and finally start getting some real fitness results.
What pain medication should you take for sports injuries?
How to perform the Hip Lift for abdominal strength.
The lunge with twist exercise targets the quads, glutes and improves balance and core strength.
Groin pain can be caused by many reasons including tight, weak groin muscles or groin pulls or strains. This stretching program can help reduce groin pain and prevent groin pulls.
Is Running on a Treadmill As Good As Running Outside? Is outdoor running better than the treadmill? Well, there are pros and cons to each.
Piriformis Syndrome - what it is and how to treat it.
Turf toe is a sports an injury that causes pain at the base of the big toe. Usually the result of athletic activities on a hard surface, turf toe is especially common in athletes who compete on artificial turf. Treatment of turf toe is usually helpful, but the condition can return.
A concentric muscle contraction is a type of muscle activation that increases tension on a muscle as it shortens.
The term jammed finger generally refers to joint swelling in the finger from an end-on injury.
Incorrectly performed full squats may lead to injury. Here are guidelines for the correct set-up and execution of the full squat exercise.
What and when you eat and drink after exercise is essential for recovery. Learn when and what to eat after your workouts for optimal recovery.
The Captain's Chair or vertical knee raise, exercise came in second on the list of best exercises for the rectus abdominus.
Fat provides an athlete's main fuel source during long duration, low to moderate intensity exercise and endurance sports like marathons and ultra-events. But even during high intensity exercise, where carbohydrate is the athlete's main fuel, fat is needed to help access the stored carbohydrate (glycogen).
A proper warm before exercise has many important physiological and psychological benefits for athletes.
The Bruce Treadmill Test Protocol is a common fitness assessment used by athletes and coaches to measure VO2 max, and aerobic endurance.
Here are some of the most popular cushioned, neutral running shoes on the market.
A Hip Pointer is an extremely painful injury to the iliac crest of the hip. Learn how to prevent and treat a hip pointer.
What is the definition of an isokinetic muscle contraction.
The transversus abdominis muscle wraps around the torso from front to back and from the ribs to the pelvis.
The wall sit exercise is a quad burner.
Learn how to safely perform a simple IT band standing stretch.
The Core Muscle Strength and Stability Test is one way to assess your current core strength and gauge your progress over time.
Tips for treating and preventing the most common volleyball injuries and pain
Athletes need protein primarily to repair and rebuild muscle that is broken down during exercise and to help optimizes carbohydrate storage in the form of glycogen.
Most athletes will experience some knee pain from time to time, but there are some clues that indicate more serious knee pain that may need to be seen by a doctor for a complete evaluation and treatment plan.
Strengthening the muscles that surround and support the knees and hip joints can help reduce pain and injuries.
Knee pain can have many causes, so before you treat your pain, it's critical to diagnose the specific cause of your pain.
Athletes need to hydrate, but how much water should you drink?
The Principle of Progression - Definition
Bodyweight exercises can be done any time with no equipmentand are ideal for traveling and home workouts or adding a bit of variety to your regular exercise routine.
Not every athlete needs an insert, but if you are prone to overuse injuries, or have foot, knee or back pain or instability, you may benefit from one.
The use of erythropoietin (EPO) is one recent way athletes have tried to artificially boost their red blood cell count and athletic performance, particularly in the professional cycling world.
Muscle Hypertrophy - Definition. Sports Medicine.
Most soft-tissue sports injuries are painful because of swelling and inflammation. This inflammation can often be treated with the use of over the counter anti-inflammatory medications.
These tips will help you learn how to do more situps, build your abdominal and core strength and endurance, and ace your next fitness test.
Overcoming Performance Anxiety with Sports Psychology. How to psyche yourself up, calm yourself down and overcome performance anxiety.
A list of the most common sports injuries, treatment and prevention
Ankle Sprain - treatment and prevention of a sprained ankle and ankle pain
A recent cautions against keeping bags of frozen vegetables on bare skin for too long because this household remedy to treat swelling could backfire.
The push up fitness test is a basic test used by coaches, trainers and athletes to assess their current fitness and to monitor their progress during fitness training.
Strength Training Over Age 50. Sports Medicine.
Strengthening the hips may help reduce many common lower-leg pain and knee injuries, especially in runners.
Recently endurance athletes have been using ibuprofen and other NSAIDs before and during competition in an attempt to compete at the highest intensity for the longest duration. But, does this work and is it safe?
You can build Six Pack Abs with a combination of the right exercise routine and the right diet.
Both endurance and muscle mass can quickly disappear if your don't exercise, but haow much and how fast this happens depends on a few key factors.
Can athletes drink too much water? Hyponatremia has become more prevalent as more people are participating in endurance sports.
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The use of anabolic steroids is banned in professional and organized sports. Steroids are a class of drugs that are legally available only by prescription.
Find the best running shoe for your foot type.
This stretching program can help reduce hamstring pain and prevent hamstring pulls.
Hyperextension - Definition. Sports Medicine.
Ankle sprain rehab exercises are critical for a speedy and complete recovery from an ankle sprain. The following exercises can be used to rehab a Grade I ankle sprain.
Hydrostatic Underwater Weighing is a method of determining body composition and body fat by weighing an athlete in a 'dunk tank.'
A how-to for an exercise (a more challenging modification of the basic plank) that strengthens abs, and engages muscles from shoulders to toes.
Information about Ligament Injuries of the knee: ACL, PCL, MCL and LCL Anterior and Posterior Cruciate Ligament and Medial and Lateral Collateral ligament injuries.
Topical pain relievers offer temporary pain relief, but athletes should heed these warnings before they reach for that tube of sports cream.
Coping with a sports injury is not easy, but applying a few sports psychology techniques can help an athlete use setbacks to become a more confident and resilient athlete.
Sport Sunglass for men and women athletes come in a variety of styles and shapes designed specifically for sports. Here are some of the top selling sport sunglasses.
Do you know your LT? Learn how athletes can increase high intensity endurance performance with lactate threshold training.
Learn an advanced IT band stretch to improve flexibility and reduce knee pain.
Using crutches isn't as easy as it appears. It actually takes some instruction, a bit of coordination and then practice.
Sports medicine is the study and practice of medical principles related to the science of sports, particularly in the areas of sports injury - diagnosis, treatment and prevention - and sports training and athletic performance.
Athletes can reduce their risk of ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) injuries by adding training drills that require balance, and combined strength and speed.
These conditions are closely related and may occur alone or in combination.
Quadriceps Pull or Tear - a pain in the front of the thigh
The weighted step up exercise is a simple way for both beginning and advanced athletes to build leg strength and power quickly and with a low risk of injury.
How do genetics influence athletic ability? Do our genes predict our sports success or does it all depend on training?
Stress fractures in the leg are often the result of overuse or repeated impacts on a hard surface.
Explosive exercise training builds power, strength and fitness fast . Learn how to safely use maximal effort training to improve your sports performance.
Stability running shoes give athletes a mix of comfort and stability and are a good choice for athletes without major pronation and supination issues.
Active recovery, or engaging in low-intensity exercise after competition or vigorous exercise sessions, may be better than complete rest for full physical and psychological recovery.
Visualization in sport - can you use mental rehearsal to improve your performance?
How long do running shoes last? Tips and recommendations for deciding if you need to buy new running shoes.