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Glossary of Sports Medicine Terms

Reference glossary for common sports medicine terms and words.
  1. Reference & Research (41)

What is Pain - Learn the cause and treatment of muscle and joint pain
What exactly is pain? Learn to describe and manage pain.

What Are Endorphins?
Endorphins are the body's natural pain relievers. They act like opiates to reduce pain and bring about a feeling of euphoria and well-being.

Acute Pain and Injury Definition
What is acute pain and injury?

What Is Fascia
Fascia is a soft connective tissue located just below the skin that wraps and connects the muscles, bones, nerves and blood vessels of the body.

What Is a Ligament?
A ligament is a band of fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone or bone to cartilage and supports and strengthens joints.

Foot Arches -What Are the Arches of the Feet?
The foot arches are formed by the bones (tarsal and metatarsal), ligaments, and tendons of the foot and are essential for both movement and weight bearing.

What is a Superset?
A superset is a form of strength training in which you move from one exercise to the next without a rest break.

Hyperextension - Definition
Hyperextension. What is teh definition of "hyperextension" in exercise physiology?

Muscle Contraction Types
A concentric muscle contraction is a type of muscle activation that increases tension on a muscle as it shortens.

Concentric Muscle Contraction
A concentric muscle contraction is a type of muscle activation that increases tension on a muscle as it shortens.

Eccentric Muscle Contraction
An eccentric muscle contraction is a type of muscle activation that increases tension on a muscle as it lengthens.

What Is Normal Range of Motion In a Joint?
Normal Range of Motion. Although there is variability among individuals, the following are generally accepted values for normal range of motion in each joint.

Range of Motion - What Is Range of Motion - ROM
Range of Motion - What Is Range of Motion - ROM

Quercetin - What is Quercetin - Does Quercetin Increase Endurance?
Quercetin is a powerful antioxident that may be linked to increases in endurance and fitness in athletes and nonathletes alike.

Swelling - What Causes Pain and Swelling
Swelling refers to an unusual accumulation of fluid within soft tissues. Common areas of swelling include the knees, ankles and other joints in the lower leg.

What Is Chronic Pain and Injury?
Learn the warning sign and treatment for chronic pain and injury

Hematoma - Cause and Treatment
A hematoma, or bruise, refers to a black and blue area on the skin that often occurs after a trauma to the soft tissue. A bruise develops when small blood vessels beneath the skin rupture and blood leaks into the soft tissue beneath the skin.

Bruise - Cause and Treatment
A bruise, or hematoma, refers to a black and blue area on the skin that often occurs after a trauma to the soft tissue. A bruise develops when small blood vessels beneath the skin rupture and blood leaks into the soft tissue beneath the skin.

Latissimus Dorsi Muscle - Definition
The Latissimus dorsi, or back muscle, is the largest muscle in the upper body.

What is a Joint?
What is a joint? Anatomy terms.

What Is Proprioception
Learn the definition of proprioceptors and proprioception.

Abduction - Abduct - Definition
The definition of abduction or to abduct.

ACL - Definition
What is the definition of an ACL - anterior cruciate ligament?

Adaptation - Definition
Adaptation - Definition

Adduction - Adduct - Definition
The definition of adduction or to adduct.

Adductor Muscles - Groin Muscles
Adductor Muscles - Groin Muscles - Definition

Adhesion- Definition
Adhesion - Definition

Agility - Definition
Agility is the ability to move and change direction and position of the body quickly and effectively while under control

Ankle-brachial Index - ABI
An ankle-brachial index (ABI) test before and after exercise is the least invasive test to get an initial diagnosis of blood flow problems in the lower extremities.

Arteriopathy - Definition
Arteriopathy refers to disease of an artery.

ATP - Adenosine Triphosphate - Definition
ATP orAdenosine triphosphate is the only useable form of energy in the body.

Atrophy - Definition
Atrophy - Definition

Definition of Cardiorespiratory Fitness
Definition of Cardiorespiratory Fitness

Dehydration - Definition
Dehydration - Definition

Dystonia - Definition
Dystonia - Definition - Focal Dystonia

Extension - Definition
Extension - Definition

Flexion - Definition
Flexion - Definition

Iliac Arteries - Definition
The iliac arteries supply blood to the the lower half of the body including the pelvis, buttocks and the groin.

Iliac Crest - Definition
Iliac Crest - Definition

Isokinetic - Definition
What is the definition of an isokinetic muscle contraction.

Isometric - Definition
What is the definition of an isometric muscle contraction.

Lactate Threshold
Lactate Threshold

Meniscus - Definition
What is the definition of the meniscus?

MET - The standard metabolic equivalent
MET - The standard metabolic equivalent - a definition

Muscle Hypertrophy - Definition
Muscle Hypertrophy - Definition

What Is Muscular Endurance?
What Is Muscular Endurance?

Over-pronation (definition)
Over-pronation (definition)

Power - Definition
Power - Definition

Principle of Specificity - Definition
Principle of Specificity - Definition

Progression - Definition
The Principle of Progression - Definition

Pronation (definition)
Pronation (definition)

Prostaglandins - Definition
Prostaglandins - A definition

Psoas Major - Definition
Psoas Major - Definition

Rectus Femoris - Definition
Rectus Femoris - Definition

RPMs - Cycling Cadence
RPMs - Cycling Cadence

Sartorius Muscle - Definition
Sartorius Muscle - Definition

Sports Medicine Glossary of Terms "A-Z"

Strength - Definition
Strength - Definition

Supination (definition)
Supination (definition)

The Hip Flexors - Definition
The Hip Flexors - Definition

The Iliacus Muscle - Definition
The Iliacus Muscle - Definition

The Inguinal Ligament - Definition
The Inguinal Ligament - Definition

The Pectineus Muscle
The Pectineus Muscle - Definition

The Principle of Overload - Definition
The Principle of Overload - Definition

VO2 Max - Definition
VO2 Max - Definition: VO2 max is the maximal oxygen uptake or the maximum volume of oxygen that can be utilized in one minute during maximal or exhaustive exercise.

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