Glossary of Sports Medicine Terminology - Index
Talus: The ankle bone that articulates with the tibia and fibula to form the ankle joint.
Target Heart Rate: A pre-determined pulse to be obtained during exercise when circulation is working at full efficient capacities.
Tarsals: Group of six bones of the foot consisting of the calnavicular, talus, cuboid and three cuneiform bones.
Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ): The articulation of the jaw and skull; considered by some to be vital in resolution of injuries throughout the body.
Tendinitis: Inflammation of the tendon and/or tendon sheath, caused by chronic overuse or sudden injury.
Tendon: Tissue that connects muscle to bone.
Tennis Elbow: General term for lateral elbow pain.
Thermotherapy: Use of heat to treat a disease or disorder.
Thoracic: Group of twelve vertebrae located in the thorax and articulates with the twelve ribs.
Thoracic Outlet Compression Syndrome: A neuro-vascular disorder of the upper extremity common in throwing.
Tibia: Larger of the two bones of the lower leg and is the weight-bearing bone of the shin.
Tomograph: A special type of x-ray apparatus that demonstrates an organ or tissue at a particular depth.
Trachea: The windpipe.
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulator (TENS): An electrical modality that sends a mild current though pads at the injury site which stimulates the brain to release the natural analgesic, endorphin.
Transverse Process: Small lateral projection off the right and left side of each vertebrae that functions as an attachment site for muscles and ligaments of the spine.
Trapezius: Flat, tiangular muscle covering the posterior surface of the neck and shoulder.
Triangular Cartilage: A connective tissue characterized by its nonvascularity and firm consistency; located on the little finger side of the wrist.
Triceps: Muscle of the back of the upper arm, primarily responsible for extending the elbow.
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