Glossary of Sports Medicine Terminology - Index
Hammer Toe: Condition when the first digit of a toe is at a different angle than the remaining digits of the same toe.
Hamstring: Category of muscle that runs from the buttocks to the knee along the back of the thigh. It functions to flex the knee, and is oft times injured as a result of improper conditioning or lack of muscle flexibility.
HDL Cholesterol: A type of cholesterol thought to help protect against atherosclerosis; "good" cholesterol.
Heat Cramps: Painful muscle spasms of the arms or legs caused by excessive body heat and depletion of fluids and electrolytes.
Heat Exhaustion: Mild form of shock due to dehydration because of excessive sweating when exposed to heat and humidity.
Heat Stroke: Condition of rapidly rising internal body temperature that overwhelms the body's mechanisms for release of heat and could result in death if not cared for appropriately.
Heel Cup: Orthotic device that is inserted into the shoe and worn under the heel to give support to the Achilles tendon and help absorb impacts at the heel.
Hemarthrosis: Accumulation of blood within a joint as a result of an acute injury.
Hematoma: Tumor-like mass produced by an accumulation of coagulated blood in a cavity.
Hemhorrage: To bleed.
Herniate: To protrude through an abnormal body opening.
Hip Pointer: Contusion to the iliac crest.
Hot Pack: Chemical pack that rests in water, approximately 160 degrees, and retains its heat for 15-20 minutes when placed in a towel for general therapeutic application.
Humerus: Bone of the upper arm that runs from the shoulder to the elbow.
Hyaline Cartilage: Most common type of cartilage.
Hydrotherapy: Treatment using water.
Hyperextension: Extreme extension of a limb or body part.
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