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Hip and Pelvis Anatomy and Physiology

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Updated September 04, 2013

The hip is the most stable joint in the body and is well protected. It is surrounded by muscle on all sides, but has greatrange of motion. This ball and socket joint lies between the head of the femur and the acetabulum of the pelvis.

The hip has multiple muscle attachments (back, abdomen, hamstrings, quadriceps, abductors and adductors, and gluteal muscles). Most of the muscles of the hip are shorter and fatter than those of the leg, and allow rotation and help stabilize the joint. Most of the hip injuries result from these small muscles being overused or pushed to hard.

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