Athletes are much more likely to develop a type of heat stroke called 'exertional heat stroke' that occurs due to intense physical activity in very hot temperatures. It often hits young, fit, and otherwise healthy people who ignore the the first warning signs because they don't consider themselves at risk of any heat-related trouble.
These early warning signs include:
- Abdominal cramps
- Muscle cramps
By the time there is a clear indication that there may be a problem, the athlete is often in big trouble. The next stages of heat stroke can include neurological symptoms such as:
- Disorientation and confusion
- Delusions or hallucinations
Pay attention when exercising in the heat and if you begin to feel tired, dizzy or nauseated, or if you develop a headache, get out of the heat and start cooling your core temperature immediately. Air-conditioning, a cool shower or bath, a garden hose, a plunge in a nearby pool can all quickly help bring your temperature down, but drinking more water, and using cold packs can also help.